inis 19(19): e3

Research Article

Extreme Value Distributions in Hydrological Analysis in the Mekong Delta: A Case Study in Ca Mau and An Giang Provinces, Vietnam

Download57 downloads
  • @ARTICLE{10.4108/eai.13-6-2019.159122,
        author={Dang Kien Cuong and Duong Ton Dam and Duong Ton Thai Duong and Nguyen Kim Loi and Nguyen-Son Vo and Ayse Kortun},
        title={Extreme Value Distributions in Hydrological Analysis in the Mekong Delta: A Case Study in Ca Mau and An Giang Provinces, Vietnam},
        journal={EAI Endorsed Transactions on Industrial Networks and Intelligent Systems},
        volume={6},
        number={19},
        publisher={EAI},
        journal_a={INIS},
        year={2019},
        month={6},
        keywords={Extreme value distribution, Gumbel distribution, max-domain of attraction, maximum likelihood estimation, Newton -- Raphson method, Mekong Delta},
        doi={10.4108/eai.13-6-2019.159122}
    }
    
  • Dang Kien Cuong
    Duong Ton Dam
    Duong Ton Thai Duong
    Nguyen Kim Loi
    Nguyen-Son Vo
    Ayse Kortun
    Year: 2019
    Extreme Value Distributions in Hydrological Analysis in the Mekong Delta: A Case Study in Ca Mau and An Giang Provinces, Vietnam
    INIS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.13-6-2019.159122
Dang Kien Cuong1,*, Duong Ton Dam2, Duong Ton Thai Duong3, Nguyen Kim Loi1, Nguyen-Son Vo4, Ayse Kortun5
  • 1: Nong Lam University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
  • 2: University of Information Technology, Vietnam National University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
  • 3: Department of Academic Affair, Vietnam National University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
  • 4: Institute of Fundamental and Applied Sciences (IFAS), Duy Tan University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
  • 5: Queen’s University Belfast, United Kingdom
*Contact email: dkcuong@hcmuaf.edu.vn

Abstract

Climate change poses a critical risk to the sustainable development of many regions in Vietnam, especially in the Mekong River. In this paper, we show the specific extreme value distributions of rainfall, flow, and crest of salinity based on the hydrological data from 1975 to 2017 in An Giang and Ca Mau provinces in the Mekong Delta. We also derive a theoretical model and validate its accuracy compared to the empirical data over the years. The results demonstrate that the extremely high flows increase in both magnitude and frequency, while the extremely low ones are projected to occur less often under the climate change. The results can further help the local governments reduce the risk of lack water in dry season, control the salinization, and avoid the threat of flooding in the downstream of the Mekong Delta.