ew 22(39): e4

Research Article

Design of a low-cost wireless emission monitoring system for solid-fuel heat sources

Download123 downloads
  • @ARTICLE{10.4108/ew.v9i39.1369,
        author={M. Holubč\^{\i}k and Jozef Jandačka and M. Nicolansk\^{a}},
        title={Design of a low-cost wireless emission monitoring system for solid-fuel heat sources},
        journal={EAI Endorsed Transactions on Energy Web},
        keywords={wireless sensor network, emission monitoring system, prototyping, graphical interface, Arduino},
  • M. Holubčík
    Jozef Jandačka
    M. Nicolanská
    Year: 2022
    Design of a low-cost wireless emission monitoring system for solid-fuel heat sources
    DOI: 10.4108/ew.v9i39.1369
M. Holubčík1,*, Jozef Jandačka1, M. Nicolanská1
  • 1: University of Žilina, Department of Power Engineering: Univerzitná 8215, 010 26 Žilina, Slovakia
*Contact email: Michal.Holubcik@fstroj.uniza.sk


INTRODUCTION: The study presents a conceptual and detailed design methodology overview of a wireless sensor network (WSN) aimed to evaluate the SmartCity air quality in real-time. The aim of the article is to provide low-cost, reliable, and accurate emission data at remote locations, assisting the 2050 Climate-Neutral target set by the European Commission. The sensor devices shall monitor emission parameters such as ozone, carbon dioxide concentration and particle concentrations, specifically concentrations PM2,5 and PM10. OBJECTIVES: The overall objective of the article is to demonstrate the use of a modern home-made air quality device within the market of boilers, fireplaces or other heating devices. METHODS: The methodology consists of reverse engineering of used professional portable emission analyzers, determining the detailed parts, building a model of how the device's internal systems operate. The paper later explains a series of future experiments including the setup, the necessary components and specific aim. Two numerical models shall be constructed in MATLAB Simscape and Simulink, specifically a telecommunication model, assisting the design of the telecommunication module, and thermal numerical model, that aids in verifying the system temperature and cooling. RESULTS: The study presents a large potential in increasing the accuracy and spectrum of modern air quality data and decreasing emission levels. CONCLUSION: In the conclusion of the paper, the functional requirements of the data processing are stated, along with schematic illustration of the user interface of measured emissions.