ew 22(38): e6

Research Article

Minimizing the Frequency Deviations in the Interconnected Microgrids considering Renewable Energy Sources

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  • @ARTICLE{10.4108/ew.v9i38.143,
        author={Ranjit Singh and L. Ramesh},
        title={Minimizing the Frequency Deviations in the Interconnected Microgrids considering Renewable Energy Sources},
        journal={EAI Endorsed Transactions on Energy Web},
        volume={9},
        number={38},
        publisher={EAI},
        journal_a={EW},
        year={2022},
        month={3},
        keywords={Area Control Error (ACE), Interconnected Microgrids (IMs), Proportional, Integral and Derivative (PID) Controller, Frequency Deviation (FD), Demand Response (DR)},
        doi={10.4108/ew.v9i38.143}
    }
    
  • Ranjit Singh
    L. Ramesh
    Year: 2022
    Minimizing the Frequency Deviations in the Interconnected Microgrids considering Renewable Energy Sources
    EW
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/ew.v9i38.143
Ranjit Singh1,*, L. Ramesh1
  • 1: EEE, Dr M.G.R Educational & Research Institute, Chennai, India
*Contact email: rsa.ranjit@gmail.com

Abstract

Nowadays, the use of Microgrids is increasing due to their ample applications and advantages. Microgrids have much smaller financial commitments, and they use renewable resources; hence are more environmentally friendly with lower carbon footprints. Also, microgrids require fewer technical skills to operate, rely more on automation, and are isolated from grid disturbance or outage. Traditionally, microgrids have been employed in remote locations that cannot be connected to the central power grid and serve critical infrastructure. Due to the recent advancements in technology, microgrids have become more accessible and economically feasible. Microgrids can be employed in organizations that intend to lower their energy cost. The paper explains a detailed literature review and the contributions of the authors in Interconnected Microgrids. Also, the data taken from the survey was used in the transfer function blocks in simulation. The simulation of the interconnected microgrids comprising Thermal, solar, and wind turbine systems is formulated on MATLAB. The frequency error and ACE are reduced to zero in a quick time by using a fuzzy PID controller. Also, the paper aims at achieving one of the most important United Nations Sustainability Development Goals (UNSDGs), Affordable and Clean Energy (UNSDG- 7).