Proceedings of the 1st Warmadewa International Conference on Science, Technology and Humanity, WICSTH 2021, 7-8 September 2021, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

Research Article

Understanding The Principles of Vernacular Architecture in Designing Environmentally Friendly Architecture

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.7-9-2021.2317732,
        author={I Kadek Merta Wijaya and I Nyoman Warnata},
        title={Understanding The Principles of Vernacular Architecture in Designing Environmentally Friendly Architecture},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 1st Warmadewa International Conference on Science, Technology and Humanity, WICSTH 2021, 7-8 September 2021, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={WICSTH},
        year={2022},
        month={6},
        keywords={building layout;  environmentally friendly; spatial planning;  vernacular architecture},
        doi={10.4108/eai.7-9-2021.2317732}
    }
    
  • I Kadek Merta Wijaya
    I Nyoman Warnata
    Year: 2022
    Understanding The Principles of Vernacular Architecture in Designing Environmentally Friendly Architecture
    WICSTH
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.7-9-2021.2317732
I Kadek Merta Wijaya1,*, I Nyoman Warnata1
  • 1: Department of Architecture, Universitas Warmadewa, Denpasar-Indonesia
*Contact email: mertawijaya@gmail.com

Abstract

Vernacular architecture is understood as architecture that responds to the natural environment through a local wisdom approach. Response to the natural environment as a form of environmentally friendly principles. The residential architecture of Balinese ethnic vernacular residences is an embodiment of a housing that prioritizes integration with its natural environment through the configuration of the building mass and the presence of green open space in the residential yard. This integration can be found in tall buildings that seek to present green elements on the facade of the building. This study examines the principles of vernacular architecture in traditional and modern facilities that show an environmentally friendly context. The achieve this goal, this study uses a qualitative rationalistic method using the great concept of vernacular architecture. The dependent variable is traditional buildings and modern buildings; the independent variable is spatial planning and building layout principles. The results showed that green elements (vegetation) exist in standard building units and modern facilities to sustain the ecosystem where other living things live.