Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Innovation in Education, Science and Culture, ICIESC 2021, 31 August 2021, Medan, North Sumatera Province, Indonesia

Research Article

Esplanade (Merdeka Square) of Medan City as a Symbol of Colonial City Civilization

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.31-8-2021.2313731,
        author={Apriani  Harahap and Muhammad  Rivai and Wira  Fimansyah and Novia  Syahfitri and Friska Bunga Aulina Sitorus and Khalisatun  Zahra},
        title={Esplanade (Merdeka Square) of Medan City as a Symbol of Colonial City Civilization},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Innovation in Education, Science and Culture, ICIESC 2021, 31 August 2021, Medan, North Sumatera Province, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICIESC},
        year={2021},
        month={11},
        keywords={esplande history city medan colonial},
        doi={10.4108/eai.31-8-2021.2313731}
    }
    
  • Apriani Harahap
    Muhammad Rivai
    Wira Fimansyah
    Novia Syahfitri
    Friska Bunga Aulina Sitorus
    Khalisatun Zahra
    Year: 2021
    Esplanade (Merdeka Square) of Medan City as a Symbol of Colonial City Civilization
    ICIESC
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.31-8-2021.2313731
Apriani Harahap1,*, Muhammad Rivai1, Wira Fimansyah2, Novia Syahfitri3, Friska Bunga Aulina Sitorus3, Khalisatun Zahra3
  • 1: Department of History Education, Faculty of Social Science, Universitas Negeri Medan, Indonesia
  • 2: Department of Anthropology Education, Faculty of Social Science, Universitas Negeri Medan, Indonesia
  • 3: Universitas Negeri Medan, Indonesia
*Contact email: aprianiharahap@unimed.ac.id

Abstract

The Esplanade, also known as merdeka square of Medan City, was founded by the plantation company Deli-Maatschappij at late 19th century. Not only its function as a public open space, the esplanade is seen as a meeting point for the plantation community of Deli-East Sumatra and is a gift from the Dutch kingdom to the Deli pioneers as a symbol of the history of urban planning in the Dutch East Indies or a monument to the pioneers of the city of Medan. This study aims to write down the history of the esplanade as a symbol of colonial city civilization. This study uses a historical approach consisting of source collection, source verification, interpretation and historiography. As a printed monument of the city of Medan, the reality that was built on the esplanade was essentially interpreted to support urban civilization/urban society during the colonial period.