Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Environmental, Energy, and Earth Science, ICEEES 2023, 30 October 2023, Pekanbaru, Indonesia

Research Article

Exploring Concepts and Aplication of Natural Fibers on Cement-Based Composites

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.30-10-2023.2343087,
        author={Yusrizal  Yusrizal and Cut  Rahmawati and Muhammad  Zardi and Sri  Aprilia and Teuku Budi Aulia and Iqbal  Iqbal},
        title={Exploring Concepts and Aplication of Natural Fibers on Cement-Based Composites},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Environmental, Energy, and Earth Science, ICEEES 2023, 30 October 2023, Pekanbaru, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICEEES},
        year={2024},
        month={4},
        keywords={cellulose; cement; composite; fiber; mechanical strength},
        doi={10.4108/eai.30-10-2023.2343087}
    }
    
  • Yusrizal Yusrizal
    Cut Rahmawati
    Muhammad Zardi
    Sri Aprilia
    Teuku Budi Aulia
    Iqbal Iqbal
    Year: 2024
    Exploring Concepts and Aplication of Natural Fibers on Cement-Based Composites
    ICEEES
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.30-10-2023.2343087
Yusrizal Yusrizal1,*, Cut Rahmawati2, Muhammad Zardi2, Sri Aprilia3, Teuku Budi Aulia4, Iqbal Iqbal1
  • 1: Department of Mechanical Engineering, Universitas Abulyatama, Aceh Besar, Indonesia
  • 2: Department of Civil Engineering, Universitas Abulyatama, Aceh Besar, Indonesia
  • 3: Department of Chemical Engineering, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
  • 4: Department of Civil Engineering, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
*Contact email: yusrizal_mesin@abulyatama.ac.id

Abstract

High-performance Cement-Based Composites (CBCs) have emerged as an effective strategy for constructing sustainable civil engineering structures. While cement exhibits commendable compressive strength, its tensile strength falls short in composite applications. A promising solution to address this limitation lies in incorporating natural fibers. This paper presents a comprehensive review of natural fiber utilization in cement-based products. The introduction of cellulose from natural fibers has demonstrated the potential to significantly enhance compressive and flexural strength, with improvements of up to 16% and 22%, respectively. The recommended fiber dosage ranges from 1% to 2% of the cement weight. Cellulose-based particles adeptly occupy even the tiniest voids within the cement paste, while the fibers serve as effective crack-bridging agents. Furthermore, fibers can delay or impede crack propagation, with fiber size emerging as a pivotal factor in the crack-bridging mechanism. Findings from the literature highlight the immense promise of natural fibers as reinforcement materials in CBCs. The integration of natural fibers into CBCs represents a compelling approach to advancing the development of sustainable civil engineering structures.