Proceedings of the 2nd Annual Conference of Engineering and Implementation on Vocational Education (ACEIVE 2018), 3rd November 2018, North Sumatra, Indonesia

Research Article

A Preliminary Study of Peat Gasification Characteristics in an Improved Biomass Stove

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.3-11-2018.2285651,
        author={J. P. Simanjuntak and B. H. Tambunan and H.  Efendi and R.  Silaban and S.  Riadi and D.  Pasaribu},
        title={A Preliminary Study of Peat Gasification Characteristics in an Improved Biomass Stove},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 2nd Annual Conference of Engineering and Implementation on Vocational Education (ACEIVE 2018), 3rd November 2018, North Sumatra, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ACEIVE},
        year={2019},
        month={7},
        keywords={energy alternatif biomass peat stove combustion gasification},
        doi={10.4108/eai.3-11-2018.2285651}
    }
    
  • J. P. Simanjuntak
    B. H. Tambunan
    H. Efendi
    R. Silaban
    S. Riadi
    D. Pasaribu
    Year: 2019
    A Preliminary Study of Peat Gasification Characteristics in an Improved Biomass Stove
    ACEIVE
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.3-11-2018.2285651
J. P. Simanjuntak1,*, B. H. Tambunan1, H. Efendi1, R. Silaban1, S. Riadi1, D. Pasaribu1
  • 1: Mechanical Engineering Department, Universitas Negeri Medan, Medan, North Sumatra, Indonesia
*Contact email: janterps@unimed.ac.id

Abstract

The purpose of this research was to assess the ability of peat as fuels based on improved stove gasification. The stove was designed and fabricated refer to numerous stoves used by resesearchers and used as the appliance for validation. The stove tested was the forced draft types with a battery mini fan-assisted and a mini blower to force the controlled air for gasification requirement. Flame temperature was recorded and displayed using K-type thermocouple and thermometer indicator respectively. The laboratory operating parameter used was the equivalence ratio (ER) in the ranges of 0,2-0,45. Three peat sizes different in diameters were considered to study the effect of ER on the flame temperature as the thermal power indicator of the peat. From the test results, it was found that the flames temperature was in the ranges 600-700 0C. Peat with moderate diameter sizes (about 3 cm) was acchieved higher flame temperature about 680 0C with ER was about 0,34.