el 16(9): e1

Research Article

Decision Making in the Connected Learning Environment (CLE)

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  • @ARTICLE{10.4108/eai.28-10-2015.151118,
        author={Anas Belahcen and Mounia Abik and Rachida Ajhoun},
        title={Decision Making in the Connected Learning Environment (CLE)},
        journal={EAI Endorsed Transactions on e-Learning},
        keywords={Ubiquitous Learning Environment, Adaptive Learning, Connectivism, CLE, Knowledge Construction, Decision Making},
  • Anas Belahcen
    Mounia Abik
    Rachida Ajhoun
    Year: 2016
    Decision Making in the Connected Learning Environment (CLE)
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.28-10-2015.151118
Anas Belahcen1,*, Mounia Abik1, Rachida Ajhoun1
  • 1: ENSIAS, Mohammed V University, Rabat, Morocco
*Contact email: belahcen.anas@gmail.com


In the last years, we have witnessed to an increasingly heightened awareness of the potential benefits of a challenging and promising educational research area : Adaptive Learning [1]. It has become one of the central technologies in education [2] and was recently named, by Gartner, as the number one strategic technology to impact education in 2015 [3]. In fact, adaptive learning systems become more accessible to educational institutions, corporations, and individuals, however, the challenges encountered are more structural and operational rather than technological [4]. While a lot of research has focused on development and evaluation of technological aspects [5], serious questions remain about the motivation of learners [6],[7] and also the design of the content (or domain) model [8],[9] including the learner's autonomy issues [9],[10],[11] and the lack of the learner's control [9],[12],[13]. In order to overcome those challenges, we propose CLE “Connected Learning Environment” which is an ubiquitous learning environment [14] that provide to the learners of this generation a learning environment adapted to their expectations and their lifestyle habits and stimulate also their motivation. As a pedagogical approach, CLE adopts the connectivism [15] and take advantage from its benefits (adaptation to the current technological advances [16], management of learning in communities [17], openness with respect to external resources[18], etc.) and adapts this approach in a formal context even though the connectivism was conceived as an informal pedagogical approach [19][20]. CLE introduces a new pedagogical process including four phases detailed later (Knowledge construction, Decision making, Validation, Evaluation) and the knowledge construction phase is characterized by the collaboration and communication between heterogeneous communities composed of humans and smart objects [14]. However, the ability to distinguish relevant information among the knowledge constructed by the actors is a vital point. As part of this article, we focus on the decision making process. To do this, a comparison is made between C4.5 [21] decision tree and MLP [22] neural network on the same data set using the same performance measures in order to take a decision on the relevance of knowledge constructed by the CLE actors.