ew 21(34): e8

Research Article

The Role of the Electric Vehicle in Smart Homes: Assessment and Future Perspectives

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  • @ARTICLE{10.4108/eai.25-1-2021.168223,
        author={Vitor Monteiro and Jose A. Afonso and Joao C. Ferreira and Tiago J. C. Sousa and Joao L. Afonso},
        title={The Role of the Electric Vehicle in Smart Homes: Assessment and Future Perspectives},
        journal={EAI Endorsed Transactions on Energy Web},
        keywords={Electric Vehicle, Smart Home, Smart Grid, Renewable Energy Source, Energy Storage Systems, Power Quality},
  • Vitor Monteiro
    Jose A. Afonso
    Joao C. Ferreira
    Tiago J. C. Sousa
    Joao L. Afonso
    Year: 2021
    The Role of the Electric Vehicle in Smart Homes: Assessment and Future Perspectives
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.25-1-2021.168223
Vitor Monteiro1,*, Jose A. Afonso2, Joao C. Ferreira3, Tiago J. C. Sousa1, Joao L. Afonso1
  • 1: ALGORIMI Research Centre, University of Minho, Guimaraes, Portugal
  • 2: CMEMS-UMinho Center, University of Minho, Guimarães, Portugal
  • 3: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL), Lisboa, Portugal
*Contact email: vmonteiro@dei.uminho.pt


The wide spreading of electric mobility is imposing the application of new technologies of hardware and software for supporting new operation paradigms, not only in the perspective of improving smart grids, but also each time more in the perspective of boosting the preponderance of smart homes. Concretely, nowadays it is clear that the emergent technologiesfor smart homes, targeting power quality and a more efficient power management, are also altering the conventional electrical power grids toward smart grids. In this panorama, by relating the strategic pillars of electric mobility and smart homes, this paper has as main objective the characterization of the role of the electric vehicle (EV) in smart homes, presenting a broad assessment based on the state of the art, as well as creating a link with upcoming advanced operations. From the smart home point of view, since it should be equipped to deal with the requirements of the EV, the assessment of both on-board and off-board EV battery charging systems are considered along the paper. Furthermore, the presence of technologies such as energy storage systems, renewable energy sources and dc electrical appliances in smart homes towards sustainability is also reflected in this paper, but framed from the point of view of an off-board EV battery charging system, since it is more convenient for enabling the interface of these mentioned technologies. Looking the paper as a whole, a relevant contribution is the discussion of future operations for the EV in smart homes, also envisioning the opportunity for ac, dc, or hybrid power grids. Illustrative and strategic results are shown, covering all these features with specific details, not only based on numerical simulations, but also based on experimental results, which were obtained with a proof-of-concept laboratory prototype.