sis 21(32): e5

Research Article

Performance Analysis of Fractional Earthworm Optimization Algorithm for Optimal Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks

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  • @ARTICLE{10.4108/eai.21-4-2021.169419,
        author={Venkat Rao Pasupuleti and Ch. Balaswamy},
        title={Performance     Analysis     of     Fractional     Earthworm     Optimization Algorithm for Optimal Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks},
        journal={EAI Endorsed Transactions on Scalable Information Systems},
        volume={8},
        number={32},
        publisher={EAI},
        journal_a={SIS},
        year={2021},
        month={4},
        keywords={clustering, routing, optimization, earthworm optimization algorithm, fractional calculus},
        doi={10.4108/eai.21-4-2021.169419}
    }
    
  • Venkat Rao Pasupuleti
    Ch. Balaswamy
    Year: 2021
    Performance Analysis of Fractional Earthworm Optimization Algorithm for Optimal Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks
    SIS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.21-4-2021.169419
Venkat Rao Pasupuleti1,*, Ch. Balaswamy2
  • 1: Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Lakireddy Bali Reddy College of Engineering, India
  • 2: Department of ECE, Gudlavalleru Engineering College, Gudlavalleru, India
*Contact email: venkat2k15@gmail.com

Abstract

In Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), the data transmission from the sensing node to the sink node consumes a lot of energy as the number of communications increases, so the battery life of nodes is limited, and the network also has a limited lifetime. Recent studies show that the bio-inspired meta-heuristic algorithms for solving engineering problems such as energy reduction in autonomous networks in the multidisciplinary areas of WSN, Internet of Things (IoT) and Machine learning models. Hence to increase Network lifetime, optimized clustering and energy-efficient routing techniques are required. In all applications of WSN, not only energy-efficient but also delay and throughput of the network are important for efficient transmission of data to the destination. This paper analyses optimized clustering by selecting cluster heads based on fractional calculus earthworm optimization algorithm (FEWA). The route from cluster heads to sink node is selected based on the fit factor. This paper's main intention is to provide an extensive comparative study of the FEWA with all standard optimization-based clustering and routing techniques. This method's performance is compared with existing optimized clustering methods like GA, PSO, ACO, DE and EWO in terms of the number of energy, delay, and throughput. At the end of 1000 iterations, the analysis shows that the FEWA outperforms existing methods with maximum average remaining energy of the nodes as 0.216J, the minimum average delay of 0.208 sec and maximum average throughput of 88.57% for 100 nodes.