Proceedings of the 1st Workshop on Multidisciplinary and Its Applications Part 1, WMA-01 2018, 19-20 January 2018, Aceh, Indonesia

Research Article

Effect of Extraction Treatment on MOR and MOE Binder Less Particle Board From Coconut Fiber

Download17 downloads
  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.20-1-2018.2282443,
        author={Erna  Yusniyanti and Milawarni  Milawarni and Nurlaili  Nurlaili},
        title={Effect of Extraction Treatment on MOR and MOE Binder Less Particle Board From Coconut Fiber},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 1st Workshop on Multidisciplinary and Its Applications Part 1, WMA-01 2018, 19-20 January 2018, Aceh, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={WMA-1},
        year={2019},
        month={9},
        keywords={particle board coconut fiber moe mor},
        doi={10.4108/eai.20-1-2018.2282443}
    }
    
  • Erna Yusniyanti
    Milawarni Milawarni
    Nurlaili Nurlaili
    Year: 2019
    Effect of Extraction Treatment on MOR and MOE Binder Less Particle Board From Coconut Fiber
    WMA-1
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.20-1-2018.2282443
Erna Yusniyanti1,*, Milawarni Milawarni2, Nurlaili Nurlaili3
  • 1: Civil Engineering, Politeknik Negeri Lhokseumawe, , Lhokseumawe, Indonesia
  • 2: Electrical Engineering, Politeknik Negeri Lhokseumawe, Lhokseumawe, Indonesia
  • 3: Mechanical Engineering, Politeknik Negeri Lhokseumawe, Lhokseumawe, Indonesia
*Contact email: erna_yusniyanti@yahoo.com

Abstract

This research is to develop environmentally friendly particle board and technology and products, both in terms of raw materials and also process technology and products that will be produced. In terms of raw materials, coconut fiber is used from smallholder estates, while in terms of technology and products, we have developed a technology for making binder less particle board. The physical and mechanical properties in particular the MOR and MOE values of the binder less particle board are strongly influenced by the preliminary treatment and forged time. The effect of preliminary treatment of raw materials from binder less particle board coconut fibber can be known by calculating the MOR and MOE values on the particle board. This research is to find the right way of making particle board without adhesive by doing the extraction process. Methods used are methods without treatment, boiling, steaming and immersion. Characterization includes density, water absorption, thickness, MOR and MOE. The results of this study indicate that steam extraction treatment can increase the MOR and MOE values along with the addition of 10- to 15-minute welding time of 70 kgf / cm2 to 79 kgf / cm2 and MOE value of 18,000 -19,300 kgf / cm2.