Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Quran and Hadith Studies Information Technology and Media in Conjunction with the 1st International Conference on Islam, Science and Technology, ICONQUHAS & ICONIST, Bandung, October 2-4, 2018, Indonesia

Research Article

The Qur'anic Classification Uses Algorithm C4.5

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.2-10-2018.2295558,
        author={Mohamad  Irfan and Wisnu  Uriawan and Nur  Lukman and Opik Taupik Kurahman and Wahyudin  Darmalaksana},
        title={The Qur'anic Classification Uses Algorithm C4.5},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Quran and Hadith Studies Information Technology and Media in Conjunction with the 1st International Conference on Islam, Science and Technology,  ICONQUHAS \& ICONIST, Bandung, October 2-4, 2018, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICONQUHAS},
        year={2020},
        month={5},
        keywords={classification; makkiyah; madaniyah; algorithm c45},
        doi={10.4108/eai.2-10-2018.2295558}
    }
    
  • Mohamad Irfan
    Wisnu Uriawan
    Nur Lukman
    Opik Taupik Kurahman
    Wahyudin Darmalaksana
    Year: 2020
    The Qur'anic Classification Uses Algorithm C4.5
    ICONQUHAS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.2-10-2018.2295558
Mohamad Irfan1,*, Wisnu Uriawan1, Nur Lukman1, Opik Taupik Kurahman1, Wahyudin Darmalaksana2
  • 1: UIN Sunan Gunung Djati, Department of Informatics, Bandung
  • 2: UIN Sunan Gunung Djati, Research Center, Bandung
*Contact email: irfan.bahaf@uinsgd.ac.id

Abstract

According to the place he descended, the surah can be divided into Makkiyah and Madaniyah groups. This division is based on the place and time that is predicted to decrease the surah or certain verses, where the surah that descended before the Prophet S.A.W migrated to Madinah classified as surah makkiyah while the surahs that descended after it belongs to Madaniyah surah. Surah that descended on Mecca in general suras with a small number of verses, contains the principles of faith and morality, the call is addressed to humans. While the surahs that descend on Medina, in general, have a large number of verses, containing the rules that govern one's relationship with God, or someone with another (shari'ah) and other discussions. The division by phase before and after the hijrah is considered more appropriate because there is a surah Madaniyah which descended on Mecca. the surah that was sent down in Mecca was 86 suras, and 28 suras were revealed in Medina. This grouping is done by determining the classification of data and using an algorithm. Algorithm C4.5 is one induction decision tree to conduct the classification process, the results of testing the accuracy of applications made using C4.5 algorithm is 95.6%. From this result, it is known that the C4.5 algorithm is quite well used in the classification process for the classification of suras in the Qur'an