ew 18: e23

Research Article

Ensuring the Reliability of Functioning of Non-Addressed Fire Alarm

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  • @ARTICLE{10.4108/eai.18-8-2021.170674,
        author={Taras Terletskyi and Oleh Kaidyk and Anatolii Tkachuk and Oleg Zabolotnyi and Dagmar Cag\^{a}ňov\^{a}},
        title={Ensuring the Reliability of Functioning of Non-Addressed Fire Alarm},
        journal={EAI Endorsed Transactions on Energy Web: Online First},
        volume={},
        number={},
        publisher={EAI},
        journal_a={EW},
        year={2021},
        month={8},
        keywords={Detection, Fire, System, Standard, Resistor, Current, Nomogram, Calculation Algorithm},
        doi={10.4108/eai.18-8-2021.170674}
    }
    
  • Taras Terletskyi
    Oleh Kaidyk
    Anatolii Tkachuk
    Oleg Zabolotnyi
    Dagmar Cagáňová
    Year: 2021
    Ensuring the Reliability of Functioning of Non-Addressed Fire Alarm
    EW
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.18-8-2021.170674
Taras Terletskyi1, Oleh Kaidyk1, Anatolii Tkachuk1,*, Oleg Zabolotnyi1, Dagmar Cagáňová2
  • 1: Lutsk National Technical University, 75, Lvivska street, Technological Faculty, 43018 Lutsk, Ukraine
  • 2: Slovak University of Technology, Bratislava, Faculty of Materials Science and Technology, Slovakia
*Contact email: a.tkachuk@lntu.edu.ua

Abstract

One of the ways that is aimed at reducing losses from fires is to detect a fire at the initial stage of its occurrence, which can be most effectively carried out only with the help of fire automation systems. The latter includes information and measurement systems (IMS) of fire alarm systems, which are part of the fire detectors. Fire alarms (FA) are triggered by the appearance of primary signs of fire, transmitting a signal to the fire alarm control and indicating equipment (FACIE) through the appropriate loop. The FACIE processes these signals and forms commands for further actions, for example, sending alarm signals (sound and/or light) by fire alarms to warn people of danger, transmitting alarm notifications to the fire station and/or centralized fire monitoring console, as well as enabling and/or disabling certain equipment or engineering systems (including fire protection systems). Fire alarm loops (FAL) are electrical circuits that connect the output links of the FA, which include auxiliary remote radio elements and conductors, and are intended not only for issuing notifications about their status to the FACIE, but also for supplying power to these detectors. The reliability of the functioning of such IMS directly depends on the correct choice, according to the appropriate methods, of the nominal value of auxiliary hinged elements of loops, problems that arise during the use of equipment from different manufacturers.