sesa 19(21): e2

Research Article

Attacker Capability based Dynamic Deception Model for Large-Scale Networks

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  • @ARTICLE{10.4108/eai.13-7-2018.162808,
        author={Md Ali Reza Al Amin and Sachin Shetty and Laurent Njilla and Deepak K. Tosh and Charles Kamouha},
        title={Attacker Capability based Dynamic Deception Model for Large-Scale Networks},
        journal={EAI Endorsed Transactions on Security and Safety},
        keywords={cyber deception, network security, POMCP, POMDP, SDN, exploit dependency graph},
  • Md Ali Reza Al Amin
    Sachin Shetty
    Laurent Njilla
    Deepak K. Tosh
    Charles Kamouha
    Year: 2019
    Attacker Capability based Dynamic Deception Model for Large-Scale Networks
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.13-7-2018.162808
Md Ali Reza Al Amin1,*, Sachin Shetty1, Laurent Njilla2, Deepak K. Tosh3, Charles Kamouha4
  • 1: Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia, USA
  • 2: Air Force Research Lab, Rome, New York, USA
  • 3: University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, Texas, USA
  • 4: Army Research Lab, Adelphi, Maryland, USA
*Contact email:


In modern days, cyber networks need continuous monitoring to keep the network secure and available to legitimate users. Cyber attackers use reconnaissance mission to collect critical network information and using that information, they make an advanced level cyber-attack plan. To thwart the reconnaissance mission and counterattack plan, the cyber defender needs to come up with a state-of-the-art cyber defense strategy. In this paper, we model a dynamic deception system (DDS) which will not only thwart reconnaissance mission but also steer the attacker towards fake network to achieve a fake goal state. In our model, we also capture the attacker’s capability using a belief matrix which is a joint probability distribution over the security states and attacker types. Experiments conducted on the prototype implementation of our DDS confirm that the defender can make the decision whether to spend more resources or save resources based on attacker types and thwart reconnaissance mission.