ew 17(11): e1

Research Article

Complex Systems Engineering: designing in sociotechnical systems for the energy transition

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  • @ARTICLE{10.4108/eai.11-7-2017.152762,
        author={J. A. Moncada and E. H. Park Lee and G.D.C. Nava Guerrero and O. Okur and S.T. Chakraborty and Z. Lukszo},
        title={Complex Systems Engineering: designing in sociotechnical systems for the energy transition},
        journal={EAI Endorsed Transactions on Energy Web},
        volume={3},
        number={11},
        publisher={EAI},
        journal_a={EW},
        year={2017},
        month={7},
        keywords={socio-technical systems, complex-adaptive systems, energy transition, framework, design, operation, performance},
        doi={10.4108/eai.11-7-2017.152762}
    }
    
  • J. A. Moncada
    E. H. Park Lee
    G.D.C. Nava Guerrero
    O. Okur
    S.T. Chakraborty
    Z. Lukszo
    Year: 2017
    Complex Systems Engineering: designing in sociotechnical systems for the energy transition
    EW
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.11-7-2017.152762
J. A. Moncada1, E. H. Park Lee2, G.D.C. Nava Guerrero2,*, O. Okur2, S.T. Chakraborty2, Z. Lukszo2
  • 1: Faculty of Technology, Policy and Management, Delft University of Technology; Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development, Utrecht University; Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development, Utrecht University
  • 2: Faculty of Technology, Policy and Management, Delft University of Technology; Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development, Utrecht University
*Contact email: g.d.c.navaguerrero@tudelft.nl

Abstract

The EU has set ambitious targets for an energy transition. While research often focuses on technology, institutions or actors, a transition requires complex coordination and comprehensive analysis and design. We propose a framework accounting for technology, institutions and actors’ perspective to design in socio-technical systems. We present its application, firstly, to biodiesel production in Germany; secondly, to vehicle-to-grid contracts in a Car as a Power Plant microgrid. We show how using the framework as the core in modelling can contribute to the performance improvement of these systems. Future work will elaborate on the next generation of thermal energy systems, coordination control of microgrids and implementing flexibility through demand response aggregation. Overall, designing solutions to the problems described calls for comprehensive engineers who look beyond the technical design and deal with multi actor socio-political processes including institutional consideration.