ew 18(17): e4

Research Article

Adaptive Transmission based Geographic and Opportunistic Routing in UWSNs

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  • @ARTICLE{10.4108/eai.10-4-2018.154446,
        author={Saba  Gul and Nadeem  Javaid and Arshad  Sher and Zahid Wadud and Sheeraz  Ahmed},
        title={Adaptive Transmission based Geographic and Opportunistic Routing in UWSNs},
        journal={EAI Endorsed Transactions on Energy Web and Information Technologies},
        keywords={Underwater wireless sensor networks, opportunistic routing, potential neighbor number, current cube, neighbor cube, communication void, local maxima, energy consumption, packet delivery, latency, depth adjustment, communication void recovery},
  • Saba Gul
    Nadeem Javaid
    Arshad Sher
    Zahid Wadud
    Sheeraz Ahmed
    Year: 2018
    Adaptive Transmission based Geographic and Opportunistic Routing in UWSNs
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.10-4-2018.154446
Saba Gul1, Nadeem Javaid1,*, Arshad Sher1, Zahid Wadud2,3,*, Sheeraz Ahmed4,5,*
  • 1: COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
  • 2: University of Engineering & Technology, Peshawar 25000
  • 3: Capital University of Science and Technology, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
  • 4: Career Dynamics Research Center, Peshawar 25000
  • 5: Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Dera Ismail Khan 29050
*Contact email: nadeemjavaidqau@gmail.com, zahidmufti@nwfpuet.edu.pk, sheerazahmed306@gmail.com


UWSNs are frequency selective and energy-hungry due to the underwater acoustic communication links. We propose adaptive transmission based geographic and opportunistic routing (ATGOR) for efficient and reliable communication. Opportunistic routing is utilized along with geographic routing to select a set of forwarders from the neighboring nodes instead of a single forwarder. We propose a 3D network model logically divided into small cubes of equal volume with a goal that the sensed data is transmitted by the unit of small cubes.