IoT 18: e2

Research Article

Narrowband IoT: A Greener Solution for Large Scale Deployments

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  • @ARTICLE{10.4108/eai.10-3-2022.173607,
        author={Sudhir K. Routray and Sasmita Mohanty},
        title={Narrowband IoT: A Greener Solution for Large Scale Deployments},
        journal={EAI Endorsed Transactions on Internet of Things: Online First},
        keywords={Internet of things, Narrowband IoT, Green IoT, Energy efficient IoT},
  • Sudhir K. Routray
    Sasmita Mohanty
    Year: 2022
    Narrowband IoT: A Greener Solution for Large Scale Deployments
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.10-3-2022.173607
Sudhir K. Routray1,*, Sasmita Mohanty2
  • 1: Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Bule Hora University, Bule Hora, Ethiopia
  • 2: Department of Economics, Management, Industrial Engineering and Tourism, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal
*Contact email:


Internet of things (IoT) has become a pervasive technology with ubiquitous presence in the modern digital ecosystem. Several types of IoT are available in the recent years based on their features and applications. Narrowband IoT (NBIoT) is one of the 3GPP standardized solutions for massive machine type communications (mMTC). It is designed for the large scale mMTC to provide coverage over a large area. Therefore, NBIoT is one of the most attractive low power wide area (LPWA) technologies. It is preferred for the large scale deployments in the large projects such as smart farming, healthcare, smart cities and smart grids. However, it is also suitable for low power domestic applications such as smart home and pets’ tracking. The LPWA features of NBIoT make it the primary choice for several emerging applications such as healthcare, agriculture, utility management, tracking of objects, smart city monitoring, retail management, smart grid monitoring, and industry applications. In this article we provide the principles and applications of NBIoT for the large scale deployments.