3rd International ICST Conference on Testbeds and Research Infrastructures for the Development of Networks and Communities (TridentCom)

Research Article

Chowkidar: A Health Monitor for Wireless Sensor Network Testbeds

Download670 downloads
  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.1109/TRIDENTCOM.2007.4444655,
        author={Sandip Bapat and William Leal and Taewoo Kwon and Pihui Wei and Anish Arora},
        title={Chowkidar: A Health Monitor for Wireless Sensor Network Testbeds},
        proceedings={3rd International ICST Conference on Testbeds and Research Infrastructures for the Development of Networks and Communities (TridentCom)},
        proceedings_a={TRIDENTCOM},
        year={2010},
        month={5},
        keywords={},
        doi={10.1109/TRIDENTCOM.2007.4444655}
    }
    
  • Sandip Bapat
    William Leal
    Taewoo Kwon
    Pihui Wei
    Anish Arora
    Year: 2010
    Chowkidar: A Health Monitor for Wireless Sensor Network Testbeds
    TRIDENTCOM
    IEEE
    DOI: 10.1109/TRIDENTCOM.2007.4444655
Sandip Bapat1,*, William Leal1,*, Taewoo Kwon1,*, Pihui Wei1,*, Anish Arora1,*
  • 1: Department of Computer Science and Engineering The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA
*Contact email: bapat@cse.ohio-state.edu, leal@cse.ohio-state.edu, kwonta@cse.ohio-state.edu, weip@cse.ohio-state.edu, anish@cse.ohio-state.edu

Abstract

Wireless sensor network (WSN) testbeds are useful because they provide a way to test applications in an environment that makes it easy to deploy experiments, configure them statically or dynamically, and gather performance information. Sensor data collected in the field can be replayed on nodes, and new ways to process the data can be tested easily. Testbeds are rapidly growing in size, with hundreds or thousands of devices, and testbed services are also becoming richer and more complex. Due to their size and complexity, faults can (and do) occur in these testbeds, affecting the outcomes of experiments. Awareness of testbed health status is important to both testbed administrators charged with maintaining functional services, and users who prefer to use healthy devices and like to know if there are any failures during their experiments. Based on our experience with Kansei, a large WSN testbed at Ohio State, we identify use cases that motivate the design of Chowkidar, a health monitoring facility. Key among these are: monitoring as a service that operates independently of users to provide up-to-date testbed status information; monitoring of heterogeneous testbed devices and networks; distinguishing between node and interface failures; and diagnosing commonmode failures such as power supply or Ethernet hub failure. We present in this paper, a centralized and a distributed Chowkidar protocol that reliably monitor the health of large, heterogenous WSN testbeds. We present experimentally measured Chowkidar performance as well as real experiences and lessons learnt from the integration of Chowkidar with Kansei, including feedback from both testbed users and administrators who have found Chowkidar to be a useful tool for improving the accuracy and efficiency of testbed experimentation and maintenance.