amsys 11(1): e3

Research Article

Design and deployment of a new wireless sensor node platform for building environmental monitoring and control

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  • @ARTICLE{10.4108/trans.amsys.2011.e3,
        author={Essa Jafer and Rostislav Spinar and Paul Stack and Cian O’Mathuna and Dirk Pesch},
        title={Design and deployment of a new wireless sensor node platform for building environmental monitoring and control},
        journal={EAI Endorsed Transactions on Ambient Systems},
        volume={1},
        number={1},
        publisher={ICST},
        journal_a={AMSYS},
        year={2011},
        month={12},
        keywords={building automation systems, sensors interfacing and motes deployment, wireless sensor network},
        doi={10.4108/trans.amsys.2011.e3}
    }
    
  • Essa Jafer
    Rostislav Spinar
    Paul Stack
    Cian O’Mathuna
    Dirk Pesch
    Year: 2011
    Design and deployment of a new wireless sensor node platform for building environmental monitoring and control
    AMSYS
    ICST
    DOI: 10.4108/trans.amsys.2011.e3
Essa Jafer1,*, Rostislav Spinar2, Paul Stack3, Cian O’Mathuna1, Dirk Pesch2
  • 1: Tyndall National Institute, University College Cork (UCC), Cork, Ireland
  • 2: Cork Institute of Technology (CIT), Cork, Ireland
  • 3: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University College Cork (UCC), Cork, Ireland
*Contact email: essajh@Campus.ie

Abstract

It is commonly agreed that a 15–40% reduction of building energy consumption is achievable by efficiently operated buildings when compared with typical practice. Existing research has identified that the level of information available to Building Managers with existing Building Management Systems and Environmental Monitoring Systems is insufficient to perform the required performance-based building assessment. The majority of today’s buildings are insufficiently sensored to obtain an unambiguous understanding of performance. The cost of installing additional sensors and meters is extremely high, primarily due to the estimated cost of wiring and the needed labour. From these perspectives wireless sensors technology proves to have a greater cost-efficiency while maintaining high levels of functionality and reliability. In this paper, a wireless sensor network mote hardware design and implementation are introduced particularly for building deployment application. The core of the mote design is based on the 8-bit AVR microcontroller, Atmega1281 and 2.4 GHz wireless communication chip, CC2420. The sensors were selected carefully to meet both the building monitoring and design requirements. Beside the sensing capability, actuation and interfacing to external meters/sensors are provided to perform different management control and data recording tasks.