5th International ICST Conference on Wireless Internet

Research Article

Dilution of precision for mobile location in Non-Line-of-Sight environments

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/ICST.WICON2010.8617,
        author={J.Y. Huang and P. Wang  and Q. Wan and L. P. Chiang  and F. H. Choo},
        title={Dilution of precision for mobile location in Non-Line-of-Sight environments},
        proceedings={5th International ICST Conference on Wireless Internet},
        publisher={IEEE},
        proceedings_a={WICON},
        year={2010},
        month={4},
        keywords={Base stations Global Positioning System Time difference of arrival},
        doi={10.4108/ICST.WICON2010.8617}
    }
    
  • J.Y. Huang
    P. Wang
    Q. Wan
    L. P. Chiang
    F. H. Choo
    Year: 2010
    Dilution of precision for mobile location in Non-Line-of-Sight environments
    WICON
    IEEE
    DOI: 10.4108/ICST.WICON2010.8617
J.Y. Huang1,*, P. Wang 1, Q. Wan1, L. P. Chiang 1, F. H. Choo1
  • 1: School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
*Contact email: jyhuang@ntu.edu.sg

Abstract

We present an analysis of the time of arrival (TOA) and time difference of arrival (TDOA) based positioning methods in Non-Line-of-Sight (NLOS) environments. Single path propagation is assumed. The positioning accuracy is investigated in terms of Dilution of precisions (DOPs) depending on different NLOS cases. We then show that the weighted DOP (WDOP) is equal to the Cramer-Rao Lower Bound (CRLB) when the number of Line-of-Sight (LOS) base stations (BSs) is sufficient (three or more). Some characteristics of the DOP in the Global positioning system (GPS) are introduced to investigate the performance of positioning accuracy. In addition, some new characteristics of the DOP and the relationship of the DOP between the TOA and TDOA based methods are derived. According to these characteristics, the system can improve positioning accuracy through proper choice of optimum BSs and location techniques.