4th International ICST Conference on Wireless Internet

Research Article

An Intelligent Physical Layer For Cognitive Radio Networks

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/ICST.WICON2008.4984,
        author={Aveek Dutta and Jeffrey Fifield and Graham Schelle and Dirk Grunwald and Douglas Sicker},
        title={An Intelligent Physical Layer For Cognitive Radio Networks},
        proceedings={4th International ICST Conference on Wireless Internet},
        publisher={ICST},
        proceedings_a={WICON},
        year={2010},
        month={5},
        keywords={},
        doi={10.4108/ICST.WICON2008.4984}
    }
    
  • Aveek Dutta
    Jeffrey Fifield
    Graham Schelle
    Dirk Grunwald
    Douglas Sicker
    Year: 2010
    An Intelligent Physical Layer For Cognitive Radio Networks
    WICON
    ICST
    DOI: 10.4108/ICST.WICON2008.4984
Aveek Dutta1,*, Jeffrey Fifield1,*, Graham Schelle1,*, Dirk Grunwald1,*, Douglas Sicker1,*
  • 1: University of Colorado, Boulder, Boulder, CO
*Contact email: Aveek.Dutta@colorado.edu, Jeff.Fifield@colorado.edu, Graham.Schelle@colorado.edu, Dirk.Grunwald@colorado.edu, Douglas.Sicker@colorado.edu

Abstract

In this paper, we present an intelligent physical layer for cognitive mesh networks. It is well recognized that wireless mesh networks suffer from the inherent property of per hop delay attributed to store and forward routing and channel contention. We show that an intelligent physical layer coupled with efficient traffic engineering and channel allocation mechanism will reduce latency. In this paper, we discuss the evolution of an OFDM receiver, with sufficient software control to aid reconfigurability, capable of receiving and decoding information on different set of subcarriers, and also capable of switching the incoming signals to a different part of the available spectrum on the fly. Equipped with this enhanced receiver we propose a mechanism for wireless wormhole routing, which employs frequency domain switching between subchannels where each subchannel is defined by a set of subcarriers. The OFDM receiver handles three primitives: transmit, receive and relay rather than just transmit or receive. Instead of a contention based, store and forward routing, a relay oriented physical layer has been proposed to reduce latency. The processing pipeline at an intermediate node no longer involves higher layer processing, and the hardware relays the incoming signal on-the-fly to a different part of the spectrum allowing for a full duplex transmission as the transmitter can relay signals while it is receiving on a different subchannel.