Situation Recognition and Medical Data Analysis in Pervasive Health Environments

Research Article

Creating a common operation picture in realtime with user-centered interfaces for mass casualty incidents

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/icst.pervasivehealth.2012.248598,
        author={Eva Artinger and Patrick Maier and Tayfur Coskun and Simon Nestler and Mareike M\aa{}hler and Yeliz Yildirim-Krannig and Fabian Wucholt and Florian Echtler and Gudrun Klinker},
        title={Creating a common operation picture in realtime with user-centered interfaces for mass casualty incidents},
        proceedings={Situation Recognition and Medical Data Analysis in Pervasive Health Environments},
        publisher={IEEE},
        proceedings_a={PERVASENSE},
        year={2012},
        month={7},
        keywords={emergency mass casualty incident user centered interface 2d user interface pda multi-touch table tabletpc management},
        doi={10.4108/icst.pervasivehealth.2012.248598}
    }
    
  • Eva Artinger
    Patrick Maier
    Tayfur Coskun
    Simon Nestler
    Mareike Mähler
    Yeliz Yildirim-Krannig
    Fabian Wucholt
    Florian Echtler
    Gudrun Klinker
    Year: 2012
    Creating a common operation picture in realtime with user-centered interfaces for mass casualty incidents
    PERVASENSE
    IEEE
    DOI: 10.4108/icst.pervasivehealth.2012.248598
Eva Artinger1, Patrick Maier1,*, Tayfur Coskun1, Simon Nestler2, Mareike Mähler3, Yeliz Yildirim-Krannig3, Fabian Wucholt3, Florian Echtler1, Gudrun Klinker1
  • 1: Technische Universität München
  • 2: Hochschule Hamm-Lippstadt
  • 3: Friedrich-Schiller-Universitaet Jena
*Contact email: maierp@informatik.tu-muenchen.de

Abstract

Accurate, accessible, and realtime information on the number, location, and medical condition of patients are critical for the successful management of mass casualty incidents (MCIs), where the number of patients exceeds the capacity of the emergency management service (EMS). We present a concept of a collaborative infrastructure which generates a common operation picture in realtime. A complex, stressful and uncommon situation like an MCI creates strong psychological influences and burdens on the rescue workers. Based on our psychological findings we derived eleven special requirements for efficient and intuitive user interfaces in unstable, time-critical emergency situations. Taking the requirements into consideration we developed a concept to overcome the MCI through the combination of multiple devices. The devices are carefully chosen according to the task of the EMS personnel in the field as well as in the incident command post. Three different interfaces – PDAs for the rescue units in the field, tablet PCs for the incident commanders and a multitouch table in the incident command post – help the entire rescue team to gain efficient situational awareness.