6th International Conference on MOBILe Wireless MiddleWARE, Operating Systems, and Applications

Research Article

Data sensing and dissemination framework for smart cities

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/icst.mobilware.2013.254260,
        author={Atif Manzoor and Constantinos Patsakis and Jessica McCarthy and Gabriel Mullarkey and Siobh\^{a}n Clarke and Vinny Cahill and M\^{e}lanie Bouroche},
        title={Data sensing and dissemination framework for smart cities},
        proceedings={6th International Conference on MOBILe Wireless MiddleWARE, Operating Systems, and Applications},
        publisher={IEEE},
        proceedings_a={MOBILWARE},
        year={2014},
        month={7},
        keywords={urban sensing gamification framework smart cities sustainability incentivization participatory sensing},
        doi={10.4108/icst.mobilware.2013.254260}
    }
    
  • Atif Manzoor
    Constantinos Patsakis
    Jessica McCarthy
    Gabriel Mullarkey
    Siobhán Clarke
    Vinny Cahill
    Mélanie Bouroche
    Year: 2014
    Data sensing and dissemination framework for smart cities
    MOBILWARE
    IEEE
    DOI: 10.4108/icst.mobilware.2013.254260
Atif Manzoor1, Constantinos Patsakis1, Jessica McCarthy2,*, Gabriel Mullarkey3, Siobhán Clarke1, Vinny Cahill1, Mélanie Bouroche1
  • 1: School of Computer Science and Statistics, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland.
  • 2: School of Computer Science and Statistics, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland.Energy and Sustainability Lab, Intel Labs Europe
  • 3: Energy and Sustainability Lab, Intel Labs Europe
*Contact email: jessica.c.mccarthy@intel.com

Abstract

Participatory sensing, which enables citizens to collect and share data, can be helpful to design and develop useful applications in the domain of environmental monitoring,transportation, and health-care. However, the data collection process for such applications involves dealing with a variety of data sources, ranging from fixed environmental sensors to mobile human sensors, generating and presenting data in different formats. The citizens’ engagement in sensing campaigns creates additional requirements to take care of their privacy concerns and motivate them to share data. Applications also need to compute the trustworthiness of the source of information to ensure the high quality of the collected data. Consequently, successfully dealing with these issues and deploying an application in an urban environment becomes a challenging task. In this paper we present a framework that uses fixed and participatory sensing to collect data from heterogeneous sources and presents a uniform interface to disseminate data to concerned applications according to their data requirements. We used our framework to develop a participatory sensing based smart phone application enabling and motivating the citizens to report positive and negative urban environmental behaviours. We report the results of our ongoing field trial. One of our findings is that different users contribute information about different environmental issues with different intensity.