9th International Conference on Cognitive Radio Oriented Wireless Networks

Research Article

Defining “Co-Primary Spectrum Sharing”— A new Business Opportunity for MNOs?

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/icst.crowncom.2014.255777,
        author={Petri Ahokangas and Kari Horneman and Harri Posti and Marja Matinmikko and Tuomo H\aa{}nninen and Seppo Yrj\o{}l\aa{} and Vania Goncalves},
        title={Defining “Co-Primary Spectrum Sharing”--- A new Business Opportunity for MNOs?},
        proceedings={9th International Conference on Cognitive Radio Oriented Wireless Networks},
        keywords={co-primary spectrum sharing business opportunity mno},
  • Petri Ahokangas
    Kari Horneman
    Harri Posti
    Marja Matinmikko
    Tuomo Hänninen
    Seppo Yrjölä
    Vania Goncalves
    Year: 2014
    Defining “Co-Primary Spectrum Sharing”— A new Business Opportunity for MNOs?
    DOI: 10.4108/icst.crowncom.2014.255777
Petri Ahokangas1,*, Kari Horneman2, Harri Posti3, Marja Matinmikko4, Tuomo Hänninen3, Seppo Yrjölä2, Vania Goncalves5
  • 1: Oulu Business School
  • 2: Nokia Solutions and Networks
  • 3: Centre for Wireless Communications
  • 4: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
  • 5: iMinds-SMIT, Vrije Universiteit Brussel
*Contact email: Petri.Ahokangas@oulu.fi


This paper seeks to identify and discuss mobile network operators’ (MNOs) business opportunities in spectrum sharing where the several MNOs would share the same spectrum band. This sharing model, here called co-primary spectrum sharing (CoPSS), aims to increase the efficiency of spectrum use by introducing licensed sharing between MNOs in new bands where two or more MNOs would get the license to operate on a shared basis, instead of separate exclusive licenses for different MNOs or unlicensed sharing. The paper starts with a discussion concerning the domains needed for defining CoPSS: a) type of spectrum authorized for sharing, b) temporal, spatial, and spectral dimensions of shared resources, c) degree of information shared, and presents a definition of CoPSS. Regarding CoPSS business opportunities for MNOs we present CoPSS enabling and limiting factors and CoPSS related challenges within a framework of value co-creation, co-capture, and co-opetition. The paper concludes with a variety of alternative ways of doing business with CoPSS.