7th International Conference on Cognitive Radio Oriented Wireless Networks

Research Article

Rate Adaptation in Unlicensed Bands under Smart Jamming Attacks

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/icst.crowncom.2012.248580,
        author={Cankut Orakcal and David Starobinski},
        title={Rate Adaptation in Unlicensed Bands under Smart Jamming Attacks},
        proceedings={7th International Conference on Cognitive Radio Oriented Wireless Networks},
        publisher={IEEE},
        proceedings_a={CROWNCOM},
        year={2012},
        month={7},
        keywords={wireless lans rate control denial of service cognitive radio},
        doi={10.4108/icst.crowncom.2012.248580}
    }
    
  • Cankut Orakcal
    David Starobinski
    Year: 2012
    Rate Adaptation in Unlicensed Bands under Smart Jamming Attacks
    CROWNCOM
    IEEE
    DOI: 10.4108/icst.crowncom.2012.248580
Cankut Orakcal1,*, David Starobinski1
  • 1: Boston University
*Contact email: orakcal@bu.edu

Abstract

Wireless communication protocols for unlicensed frequency bands support rate adaptation algorithms (RAAs) to cope with time-varying channel conditions. RAAs are not designed to operate against adversarial behavior, however. In this work, we analyze the vulnerabilities of two state-of-the-art RAAs, Minstrel and RARF, against a smart jamming model, whereby an adversary learns the current rate of transmission of each packet before deciding whether to jam the packet or not. Our parameterized analysis, validated by ns-3 simulations, shows that a jamming rate of only 10% is sufficient to bring the throughput of Minstrel below the base rate of 1 Mb/s, whereas RARF requires a jamming rate of 16.7%. These findings are notable since previous work showed that the randomized nature of RARF and Minstrel make them resilient to simpler jamming attacks. The paper concludes by sketching possible solutions to mitigate these sophisticated attacks.