Proceedings of the Third Andalas International Public Health Conference, AIPHC 2019, 10-11th October 2019, Padang, West Sumatera, Indonesia

Research Article

Diabetes Mellitus, Dietary Pattern And Diseases Burden in Indonesia: A Mini Review

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.9-10-2019.2297194,
        author={Ice Yolanda Puri},
        title={Diabetes Mellitus, Dietary Pattern And Diseases Burden in Indonesia: A Mini Review},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the Third Andalas International Public Health Conference, AIPHC 2019, 10-11th October 2019, Padang, West Sumatera, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={AIPHC},
        year={2020},
        month={7},
        keywords={diabetes mellitus risk factors indonesian public health care program},
        doi={10.4108/eai.9-10-2019.2297194}
    }
    
  • Ice Yolanda Puri
    Year: 2020
    Diabetes Mellitus, Dietary Pattern And Diseases Burden in Indonesia: A Mini Review
    AIPHC
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.9-10-2019.2297194
Ice Yolanda Puri1,*
  • 1: Faculty of Public Health, Andalas University, Padang, West Sumatera, Indonesia
*Contact email: ice.yolandapuri@gmail.com

Abstract

T2DM in Indonesia has increased dramatically in Padang, West Sumatra, the prevalence was 1.3% in 2013 and increased slowly in 2018 (1.8%). The aims of review are to determine the risk factors of Diabetes Mellitus (DM) in Indonesia and to determine Indonesian DM prevention program. Behavior aspects of food intake pattern food choices like fruit and vegetable, unhealthy diet, convenience food. 94% of Indonesian did not consume an adequate amount of fruit and vegetable. 77.3% of people above ≥10-year-old add seasoning to their food which is high in salt, 53.1% consume sweet and 40.7% consume fatty food. Indonesia has a food pattern, which was prepared in mid-morning, then the same menus were followed for lunch and dinner. Indonesian daily basic dishes are steamed rice, a hot fried dish and or coconut milk dish. The focus of Posbindu is to provide general healthy eating education for the prevention and management of Non-Communicable Chronic Diseases (NCD) including T2DM, cardiovascular disease, cancer, and obesity.