Proceedings of 1st Workshop on Environmental Science, Society, and Technology, WESTECH 2018, December 8th, 2018, Medan, Indonesia

Research Article

Teacher’s Engagement at Work: The Role of Future Time Perspective and Challenge Demands

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.8-12-2018.2283955,
        author={Gustriani Utami and Debora E. Purba and Dyah Triarini Indirasari},
        title={Teacher’s Engagement at Work: The Role of Future Time Perspective and Challenge Demands},
        proceedings={Proceedings of 1st Workshop on Environmental Science, Society, and Technology, WESTECH 2018, December 8th, 2018, Medan, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={WESTECH},
        year={2019},
        month={6},
        keywords={challenge demand; conservation of resource theory; future time perspective; work engagement},
        doi={10.4108/eai.8-12-2018.2283955}
    }
    
  • Gustriani Utami
    Debora E. Purba
    Dyah Triarini Indirasari
    Year: 2019
    Teacher’s Engagement at Work: The Role of Future Time Perspective and Challenge Demands
    WESTECH
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.8-12-2018.2283955
Gustriani Utami1, Debora E. Purba1,*, Dyah Triarini Indirasari1
  • 1: Faculty of Psychology Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI Depok, 16424. West Java, Indonesia
*Contact email: eflina@ui.ac.id

Abstract

This study aims to examine challenge demands as the mediator in the relationship between future time perspective (FTP) and work engagement. Based on the Conservation of Resources (CoR) theory, we expected that personal resource as manifested by FTP would increase challenge demands, which in turn would increase work engagement. Data were collected from convenience samples of middle school teachers (N = 200) and were tested using regression analysis. Results showed that challenge demands mediated the relation between FTP and work engagement (β= .39, SE= .08, 95% CI [.24; .55]). Specifically, teachers with high FTP perceived their workload and responsibility as challenging, which increased their engagement in their work. Our findings contribute to the literature by showing that demands can turn into positive outcomes if they are considered as challenges, and that challenge demand serves as an underlying mechanism of the association between FTP and work engagement.