phat 21(25): e5

Research Article

Augmenting Surgery: Medical Students’ Assessment and Ergonomics of 3D Holograms vs. CT Scans for Pre-Operative Planning

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  • @ARTICLE{10.4108/eai.8-1-2021.167844,
        author={Stefano Triberti and Francesco Petrella and Alessandra Gorini and Omar Pappalardo and Valeria Sebri and Lucrezia Savioni and Alberto Redaelli and Gabriella Pravettoni},
        title={Augmenting Surgery: Medical Students’ Assessment and Ergonomics of 3D Holograms vs. CT Scans for Pre-Operative Planning},
        journal={EAI Endorsed Transactions on Pervasive Health and Technology},
        volume={7},
        number={25},
        publisher={EAI},
        journal_a={PHAT},
        year={2021},
        month={1},
        keywords={Mixed Reality, Augmented Reality, Pre-operative evaluation, surgery, medical students, medical training, medical formation},
        doi={10.4108/eai.8-1-2021.167844}
    }
    
  • Stefano Triberti
    Francesco Petrella
    Alessandra Gorini
    Omar Pappalardo
    Valeria Sebri
    Lucrezia Savioni
    Alberto Redaelli
    Gabriella Pravettoni
    Year: 2021
    Augmenting Surgery: Medical Students’ Assessment and Ergonomics of 3D Holograms vs. CT Scans for Pre-Operative Planning
    PHAT
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.8-1-2021.167844
Stefano Triberti1,2,*, Francesco Petrella1,3, Alessandra Gorini1,2, Omar Pappalardo4, Valeria Sebri1,2, Lucrezia Savioni1,2, Alberto Redaelli5, Gabriella Pravettoni1,2
  • 1: Department of Oncology and Hemato-Oncology, University of Milan, via Festa del Perdono 7, 20121, Milan, Italy
  • 2: Applied Research Division for Cognitive and Psychological Science, IEO, European Institute of Oncology IRCCS, via Giuseppe Ripamonti 435, 20136, Milan, Italy
  • 3: Department of Thoracic Surgery, IEO, European Institute of Oncology IRCCS, via Giuseppe Ripamonti 435, 20136, Milan, Italy
  • 4: Artiness srl, via Elia Lombardini 10, 20143, Milan, Italy
  • 5: Department of Electronics, Information and Bioengineering, Politecnico di Milano, via Giuseppe Ponzio 34/5,20133, Milan, Italy
*Contact email: stefano.triberti@unimi.it

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Mixed reality (MR) allows surgeons to pre-operatively assess patients’ anatomy (e.g., tissue to be removed). However, medical students have limited access to this technology, and express both the desire to try it and suspicious attitudes.

OBJECTIVES: To assess students’ experience with traditional vs. innovative technology for pre-operative planning.

METHODS: 11 medical students analyzed a lung cancer case using CT scans or a 3D hologram (MR) and assessed the technology in terms of mental workload, emotions and formative value.

RESULTS: MR resulted in less cognitive load and effort, shorter response time and more positive emotions. No differences emerged in formative value, but the students expressed the desire to be trained both in traditional and innovative technology for pre-operative planning.

CONCLUSION: Medical students respond positively to “hands-on” experiences of technology for pre-operative planning. The time may be ripe to include MR in medical formation.