Proceedings of the 4th Progressive and Fun Education International Conference, Profunedu 2019, 6-8 August 2019, Makassar, Indonesia

Research Article

The Controversy of "Nur Muhammad" Concept in Malay Manuscripts: Tajalliy and Faidhun's Perspective Study

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.7-8-2019.2288425,
        author={Sangidu  Sangidu and Harun Joko Prayitno and Elita  Ulfina and Sherif Sa’ad El-Jayya and Awla Akbar Ilma},
        title={The Controversy of "Nur Muhammad" Concept in Malay Manuscripts: Tajalliy and Faidhun's Perspective Study},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 4th Progressive and Fun Education International Conference, Profunedu 2019, 6-8 August 2019, Makassar, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={PROFUNEDU},
        year={2019},
        month={10},
        keywords={hikayat nur muhammad malay manuscript kontroversi nur muhammad tajalliy faidhun tafwīdh},
        doi={10.4108/eai.7-8-2019.2288425}
    }
    
  • Sangidu Sangidu
    Harun Joko Prayitno
    Elita Ulfina
    Sherif Sa’ad El-Jayya
    Awla Akbar Ilma
    Year: 2019
    The Controversy of "Nur Muhammad" Concept in Malay Manuscripts: Tajalliy and Faidhun's Perspective Study
    PROFUNEDU
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.7-8-2019.2288425
Sangidu Sangidu1,*, Harun Joko Prayitno2, Elita Ulfina3, Sherif Sa’ad El-Jayya4, Awla Akbar Ilma5
  • 1: Universitas Gajah Mada
  • 2: Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta
  • 3: IAIN Surakarta, Surakarta
  • 4: Bany Suef University
  • 5: Suez Canal University
*Contact email: sangidu@ugm.ac.id

Abstract

The issue of the concept of "Nur Muhammad" in the general perspective still cannot resolve the nature of beings and life. This research is intended to explore the controversy surrounding the concept of "Nur Muhammad", focusing particularly on the manuscript Hikayat Nur Muhammad but also considering other Malay manuscripts to explore how "Nur Muhammad" was understood. In the context of Islamic philosophy, the concept of tajalliy (emanation) holds that everything in the universe, including human beings, originate from the "Nur Muhammad", the Almighty, viewed as the source of all light. Disagreement over the process through which the universe and its contents were created, including human beings, has created conflict between the Ahlu Wachdatil-Wujūd (Syaikh Hamzah Fansuri, Syaikh Syamsuddin As-Samatrani, and their followers) and the Ahlu Wachdatisy-Syuhūd (Syaikh Nuruddin Ar-Raniry and his followers). This research has found that the Ahlu Wachdatil-Wujūd have held that the process through which "Nur Muhammad" spread from taayyun tsāniy (second reality) or ayān tsābitah (fixed reality) to a`yān khārijiyyah (reality outside Dzāt, Wujūd, and His essence) was not a process of creation, but rather one of radiance or tajalliy. Meanwhile, the Ahlu Wachdatil-Syuhūd held that "Nur Muhammad" was not a radiance or tajalliy of light, but the bestowing of full power or faidhun, such that the light remained strong even as the beings granted power became increasingly distant.