ct 18(16): e4

Research Article

Rendering style and viewer’s perception of historic virtual architecture

Download742 downloads
  • @ARTICLE{10.4108/eai.7-3-2019.156772,
        author={Wei Tang and Nicoletta Adamo and Nicholas J. Villani and Hazar N. Dib},
        title={Rendering style and viewer’s perception of historic virtual architecture},
        journal={EAI Endorsed Transactions on Creative Technologies},
        keywords={Virtual architecture, PR rendering, NPR rendering},
  • Wei Tang
    Nicoletta Adamo
    Nicholas J. Villani
    Hazar N. Dib
    Year: 2018
    Rendering style and viewer’s perception of historic virtual architecture
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.7-3-2019.156772
Wei Tang1, Nicoletta Adamo1,*, Nicholas J. Villani2, Hazar N. Dib3
  • 1: Computer Graphics Technology, Purdue University
  • 2: Psychological Sciences, Purdue University
  • 3: Construction Management Technology, Purdue University
*Contact email: Nadamovi@purdue.edu


The paper presents a study that investigated the effect of rendering style on users’ perception of 3D historic architectural environments. Three architectural styles were considered (Traditional Chinese, Gothic and Classic Greek) and three rendering approaches (photorealistic, non-photorealistic – watercolor, and non-photorealistic – technical illustration) were used to render two landmark buildings for each architectural style. One hundred and fifty subjects were asked to rate the rendering results according to different aspects of perception. Findings show that photorealistic rendering was rated highest for visual appeal, suitability, and accuracy of representation of the architectural style, design elements and architectural details; recognition of the architectural style was highest for the non-photorealistic watercolor renderings.