Proceedings of the First International Conference on Combinatorial and Optimization, ICCAP 2021, December 7-8 2021, Chennai, India

Research Article

Metro Route Site Selection for Madurai City Using Remote Sensing and GIS

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.7-12-2021.2314523,
        author={Elangovan  K},
        title={Metro Route Site Selection for Madurai City Using Remote Sensing and GIS},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the First International Conference on Combinatorial and Optimization, ICCAP 2021, December 7-8 2021, Chennai, India},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICCAP},
        year={2021},
        month={12},
        keywords={metro route selection; gis; madurai; site selection; ahp; spatial analysis},
        doi={10.4108/eai.7-12-2021.2314523}
    }
    
  • Elangovan K
    Year: 2021
    Metro Route Site Selection for Madurai City Using Remote Sensing and GIS
    ICCAP
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.7-12-2021.2314523
Elangovan K1,*
  • 1: PSG College of Technology
*Contact email: ela.civil@psgtech.ac.in

Abstract

This study mainly deals with the selection of optimal locations for metro network and stations in Madurai city as a solution to meet the present and future transportation demands. Remote Sensing, Geographic Information System and AHP have been used for the purpose of extracting data, pre-processing, prioritizing and analyzing the data spatially. For the site selection process, criteria like population density, important locations that attracts traffic, busy intersections, existing road networks, land use – land cover and slope maps are considered. Each criteria map is ranked according to its suitability and weightage to each criteria is obtained by Analytical Hierarchical Process based on their relative importance to the selection process. Weighted overlay analysis is carried out using GIS by superimposing all the weighted criteria maps. As a result, four routes are selected as decision alternatives with four end stations (origin and destination stations) - two routes in south west to north east direction and two routes in east to west direction and intermediate stations are identified along the selected routes. Finally two routes (one in each direction) are proposed as optimal metro routes. The proposed metro lines can be extended to places that will be densely populated in future.