Proceedings of the 1st Sampoerna University-AFBE International Conference, SU-AFBE 2018, 6-7 December 2018, Jakarta Indonesia

Research Article

The Impact of ASEAN’s Rice Trade Barriers on Indonesian Food (Rice) Security

Download18 downloads
  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.6-12-2018.2286281,
        author={Iwan  Hermawan},
        title={The Impact of ASEAN’s Rice Trade Barriers on  Indonesian Food (Rice) Security},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 1st Sampoerna University-AFBE International Conference, SU-AFBE 2018, 6-7 December 2018, Jakarta Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={SU-AFBE},
        year={2019},
        month={8},
        keywords={tariff ntms asean rice food security},
        doi={10.4108/eai.6-12-2018.2286281}
    }
    
  • Iwan Hermawan
    Year: 2019
    The Impact of ASEAN’s Rice Trade Barriers on Indonesian Food (Rice) Security
    SU-AFBE
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.6-12-2018.2286281
Iwan Hermawan1,*
  • 1: University of Indonesia, Jl. Prof. Dr. Sumitro Djojohadikusumo, Depok, West Java, Indonesia 16424
*Contact email: iwan.hermawan@dpr.go.id

Abstract

In this research, we analysis the impact of ASEAN’s rice trade barrier, through tariff and non-tariff measures (NTMs), on Indonesian food (rice) security. To assess whether tariff and NTMs of rice across countries in ASEAN region, Gravity Model and Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP) Model were applied. All data came from World Bank, Comtrade, World Integrated Trade Solution (WITS), Centre d'Études Prospectives et d'Informations Internationales (CEPII), International Labor Organization (ILO), and GTAPAgg version 9.0. The result of NTMs calculation from Gravity Model and also data of ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreement (ATIGA) schedule as agreement were injected to GTAP Model, to examine the impact of ASEAN’s rice trade barrier on Indonesian food (rice) security. A standard GTAP Model was aggregated by 19 sectors and 16 countries/regions. This research showed that (a) imposing ASEAN’s rice trade barrier lead to negative effect on Indonesian food (rice) security, (b) comparing between ASEAN’s rice NTMs and ATIGA, previous one has higher negative effect on Indonesia food (rice) security, and (c) there is trade-off between ASEAN’s rice trade barrier and trade liberalization policy. The government should be careful to impose rice trade barrier as temporary policy to boost rice domestic production.