Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on Strategic and Global Studies, ICSGS 2019, 6-7 November 2019, Sari Pacific, Jakarta, Indonesia

Research Article

Repatriation Plan for ISIS Members of Indonesian Citizenship from Iraq and Syria to The Homeland in The National Security Perspective

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.6-11-2019.2297371,
        author={M. Alfi Rajabi Nasution},
        title={Repatriation Plan for ISIS Members of Indonesian Citizenship from Iraq and Syria to The Homeland in The National Security Perspective},
        proceedings={Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on Strategic and Global Studies, ICSGS 2019, 6-7 November 2019, Sari Pacific, Jakarta, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICSGS},
        year={2020},
        month={11},
        keywords={isis radical repatriation indonesian citizen},
        doi={10.4108/eai.6-11-2019.2297371}
    }
    
  • M. Alfi Rajabi Nasution
    Year: 2020
    Repatriation Plan for ISIS Members of Indonesian Citizenship from Iraq and Syria to The Homeland in The National Security Perspective
    ICSGS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.6-11-2019.2297371
M. Alfi Rajabi Nasution1,*
  • 1: Universitas Indonesia
*Contact email: m.a.rajabin@gmail.com

Abstract

The defeat of ISIS against Syrian democratic forces in Baghouz Syria has left thousands of sympathizers displaced by territorial loss. They’re detained and arrested to be relocated to a shelter. There are Indonesian citizens there, but the exact number of people who want to return to their homeland is unknown. Most of them are women and children who have radical ideologies. In this study, We want to describe the obstacles of the Government, which until now not yet to decided to repatriate Indonesian citizens to the homeland from the perspective of national security. This study uses descriptive qualitative research methods in explaining the phenomenon of displaced followers of ISIS after the defeat. The method used in collecting data is secondary data obtained through study literature The results of the study revealed that the Government of Indonesia needs to group them based on security guarantees, aka bringing home people with the lowest risk of threats and low vulnerability through eight steps, among others Identifying and screening identities document evidence; Conduct a legal assessment; Assesstment process of radicalism level; Checking the track record of trips; Collecting data on relations with radical groups and family or relatives in the territory of Indonesia; Conduct gender clustering; Taking back the oath of loyalty to the ideology of Pancasila, NKRI, and the 1945 Constitution; and Prepare well the roadmap for the method of deradicalization and disengagement