Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on Strategic and Global Studies, ICSGS 2019, 6-7 November 2019, Sari Pacific, Jakarta, Indonesia

Research Article

Pattern of Pro-Isis Terrorist Financing In Indonesia: Study About The Santoso Group

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.6-11-2019.2297306,
        author={Prihandoko  Prihandoko and Muhamad  Syauqillah},
        title={Pattern of Pro-Isis Terrorist Financing In Indonesia: Study About The Santoso Group},
        proceedings={Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on Strategic and Global Studies, ICSGS 2019, 6-7 November 2019, Sari Pacific, Jakarta, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICSGS},
        year={2020},
        month={11},
        keywords={terrorist financing santoso group mujahidin indonesia timur poso},
        doi={10.4108/eai.6-11-2019.2297306}
    }
    
  • Prihandoko Prihandoko
    Muhamad Syauqillah
    Year: 2020
    Pattern of Pro-Isis Terrorist Financing In Indonesia: Study About The Santoso Group
    ICSGS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.6-11-2019.2297306
Prihandoko Prihandoko1,*, Muhamad Syauqillah1
  • 1: Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
*Contact email: prihandoko@ui.ac.id

Abstract

This study investigates the funding pattern of the Mujahidin Indonesia Timur (MIT) or the Santoso Group, one of the terrorist groups in Indonesia which pledges allegiance to the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS). The purpose of this study was to explain the strategy of the Santoso Group in collecting and managing donations from sympathizers to support their terror activities in the Poso region, Central Sulawesi. This study uses a qualitative method. The primary data is obtained from in-depth interviews with two former members of the Santoso Group, the Supreme Court's decision document on one of member of the Santoso Group, and the National Agency for Counter Terrorism (BNPT) documents on terrorism funding related to ISIS-affiliated domestic terrorist networks. The secondary data comes from interviews with a member of the BNPT Terrorism Funding Control Team and a member of the Indonesian National Anti-Terrorism Special Detachment 88 (Densus 88/Detachment 88). The analysis in this study uses The Rational Choice Theory of Martha Crenshaw about the logical thinking of terrorists. The results of the study show that the Santoso Group has a number of members who are specifically tasked to collect and manage donation donors by utilizing e-mail services and a number of social medias. The strategy of collecting and managing the donations was used by Santoso Group because it was considered the safest and easiest way.