Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on Strategic and Global Studies, ICSGS 2019, 6-7 November 2019, Sari Pacific, Jakarta, Indonesia

Research Article

Peacemaking Criminology Theory in Analyzing Returnee as the Agent of Change in Indonesia

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.6-11-2019.2297284,
        author={Novi  Novi and Muhamad  Syauqillah and Jerry Marcellinus Logahan},
        title={Peacemaking Criminology Theory in Analyzing Returnee as the Agent of Change in Indonesia},
        proceedings={Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on Strategic and Global Studies, ICSGS 2019, 6-7 November 2019, Sari Pacific, Jakarta, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICSGS},
        year={2020},
        month={11},
        keywords={peacemaking criminology returnee indonesia agent of change deradicalization},
        doi={10.4108/eai.6-11-2019.2297284}
    }
    
  • Novi Novi
    Muhamad Syauqillah
    Jerry Marcellinus Logahan
    Year: 2020
    Peacemaking Criminology Theory in Analyzing Returnee as the Agent of Change in Indonesia
    ICSGS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.6-11-2019.2297284
Novi Novi1,*, Muhamad Syauqillah2, Jerry Marcellinus Logahan3
  • 1: Terrorism Studies, School of Strategic and Global Studies, Universitas Indonesia
  • 2: School of Strategic and Global Studies, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia
  • 3: Terrorism Studies, School of Strategic and Global Studies-Universitas Indonesia
*Contact email: psrb.novi@gmail.com

Abstract

This paper explains about peacemaking criminology, which acts as a peaceful medium for Indonesian returnees. Up till now, it turns out that Indonesia does not have a standard concept and method yet on handling returnees, despite the number of Indonesians who returned from Syria, Iraq and the Philippines reached 125 from 2014 to 2019. Therefore, peacemaking criminology can be used as a method for dealing with returnees because this approach puts forward the humanist aspect. This research used a qualitative approach by conducting unstructured interviews as well as literature as secondary material. In this research, it can be seen that humanist treatment towards those who have returned from a conflict state has a positive impact as they can be the agents of peace for other returnees. Thus, placing returnees as the agent of change through the peacemaking criminology approach will avoid them neither from re-radicalized nor return to the conflict states