Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on Strategic and Global Studies, ICSGS 2019, 6-7 November 2019, Sari Pacific, Jakarta, Indonesia

Research Article

Terrorist Financing Through the Internet in Indonesia: Methods and Vulnerabilities

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.6-11-2019.2297282,
        author={Ishna Indika Jusi and Aryana  Satrya and Broto  Wardoyo},
        title={Terrorist Financing Through the Internet in Indonesia: Methods and Vulnerabilities},
        proceedings={Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on Strategic and Global Studies, ICSGS 2019, 6-7 November 2019, Sari Pacific, Jakarta, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICSGS},
        year={2020},
        month={11},
        keywords={internet terrorism financing indonesia vulnerabilities},
        doi={10.4108/eai.6-11-2019.2297282}
    }
    
  • Ishna Indika Jusi
    Aryana Satrya
    Broto Wardoyo
    Year: 2020
    Terrorist Financing Through the Internet in Indonesia: Methods and Vulnerabilities
    ICSGS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.6-11-2019.2297282
Ishna Indika Jusi1,*, Aryana Satrya1, Broto Wardoyo1
  • 1: Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
*Contact email: ishna.jusi@gmail.com

Abstract

As a medium that facilitates various activities easily, safely, and has no geographical boundaries, internet is often misused by terrorists to support their activities. Terrorists continue to look for any chances to exploit various vulnerabilities on the internet system and network, in order to avoid the rules and pressure from the government. The existence of the internet indirectly expands terrorist activities, one of them is their funding. Through the internet, terrorists can raise funds with a wider, faster, anonymous, and greater amount. Thus, this paper aims to describe the terrorism funding method trends in the information and technology era in Indonesia, its vulnerabilities, and the recommendation to reduce the misuse of the internet by terrorists. To analyze this trend, the conceptual framework of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is used which divides terrorism financing activities on the internet into four groups, namely direct solicitation, e-commerce, exploitation of online payment tools, and charitable organizations. This research was conducted using qualitative method, which the primary data was obtained through discussions with experts from Special Detachment 88 (Densus 88), Indonesian Financial Transaction Reports and Analysis Center (PPATK), digital forensic experts, as well as journal literature reviews and reports from PPATK and Financial Action Task Force (FATF).