Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on Strategic and Global Studies, ICSGS 2019, 6-7 November 2019, Sari Pacific, Jakarta, Indonesia

Research Article

Interpretation of Space and Political Dynamics of Rohingya-Spatial and International Relations Approaches

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.6-11-2019.2297256,
        author={Aysha Rizki Ramadhyas and Muhamad Iko Kersapati and Hagi Mulya Sandhika and Diah Desita Damayanti},
        title={Interpretation of Space and Political Dynamics of Rohingya-Spatial and International Relations Approaches},
        proceedings={Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on Strategic and Global Studies, ICSGS 2019, 6-7 November 2019, Sari Pacific, Jakarta, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICSGS},
        year={2020},
        month={11},
        keywords={ethnical conflict geographic information system (gis) international politics political mapping},
        doi={10.4108/eai.6-11-2019.2297256}
    }
    
  • Aysha Rizki Ramadhyas
    Muhamad Iko Kersapati
    Hagi Mulya Sandhika
    Diah Desita Damayanti
    Year: 2020
    Interpretation of Space and Political Dynamics of Rohingya-Spatial and International Relations Approaches
    ICSGS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.6-11-2019.2297256
Aysha Rizki Ramadhyas1,*, Muhamad Iko Kersapati2, Hagi Mulya Sandhika3, Diah Desita Damayanti2
  • 1: Terrorism Studies-Universitas Indonesia
  • 2: Department of Geography-Universitas Indonesia
  • 3: Department of International Relations-Pelita Harapan University
*Contact email: aysha.rizki@ui.ac.id

Abstract

This study discusses about Rohingya ethnical conflict as political phenomena. The data used in this study were qualitative from various literature: international news, scientific journals, and maps. The method used in this research was interpretation, and Geographic Information System (GIS) as a tool to reveal the spatial and political dynamics of the conflict. There were six maps produced as the basis of explanation. The results showed that the democratic transition as the turning point of democracy in Myanmar gave an effect on the economic activity and implication to the ethnical claim of territories. The democratic transition period that occurred in Myanmar provided an opportunity for foreign economic power such as China to build the oil and gas pipeline. This condition led to land grabbing and marginalization of Rohingya as the inhabitant. Meanwhile, in political responses, Indonesia and Malaysia gave pro response, while Bangladesh and Thailand were still in pro and contra responses