International Conference on Social Sciences, Humanities, Economics and Law

Research Article

Balinese Migrants in Indonesia : Political of Ethnic Identity in Multicultural Society

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.5-9-2018.2281281,
        author={Zainal Arifin and Maskota Delfi and Sidarta Pujiraharjo},
        title={Balinese Migrants in Indonesia : Political of Ethnic Identity in Multicultural Society},
        proceedings={International Conference on Social Sciences, Humanities, Economics and Law},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICONSHEL},
        year={2019},
        month={3},
        keywords={multicultural community; identity politics; redefinition and reconstruction; cultural conformity; bali-lampung},
        doi={10.4108/eai.5-9-2018.2281281}
    }
    
  • Zainal Arifin
    Maskota Delfi
    Sidarta Pujiraharjo
    Year: 2019
    Balinese Migrants in Indonesia : Political of Ethnic Identity in Multicultural Society
    ICONSHEL
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.5-9-2018.2281281
Zainal Arifin1,*, Maskota Delfi1, Sidarta Pujiraharjo1
  • 1: Andalas University
*Contact email: arifinzed@soc.unand.ac.id

Abstract

Lampung is a multicultural region where various ethnic groups in Indonesia can be found and settle in this region, and among them is The Balinese. The Balinese community migrated to Lampung through the transmigration process in 1963 due to the eruption of Mount Agung. One of the Bali migrant communities lives in Bali Sadhar village in Banjit sub-district of Way Kanan Regency of Lampung Province. This Balinese (Bali Sadhar) community in Lampung lives side by side with other communities that have very different cultural values, such as Lampung, Semende, Ogan, Javanese, and Sundanese. Balinese communities have a strong Hindu cultural identity, while the surrounding communities have a strong Islamic identity combined with its rituals. The strength of this Balinese Hindu identity can cause cause them to often conflict with other ethnic groups around, but the Balinese community (Bali Sadhar) in Way Kanan can actually live in harmony with the surrounding communities. This article explains how identity politics is carried out by the Bali Sadhar community in Lampung. The success of identity politics of the Bali Sadhar community is done by redefining the cultural values (Hinduism) they have in accordance with their environmental conditions. As the result, these people are still able to realize their cultural identity and also able to coexist in harmony with the other communities.