Proceedings of First International Conference on Culture, Education, Linguistics and Literature, CELL 2019, 5-6 August, Purwokerto, Central Java, Indonesia

Research Article

Footing in Presidential Debate of Indonesian Election

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.5-8-2019.2289797,
        author={Latif  Amrullah},
        title={Footing in Presidential Debate of Indonesian Election},
        proceedings={Proceedings of First International Conference on Culture, Education, Linguistics and Literature, CELL 2019, 5-6 August, Purwokerto, Central Java, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={CELL},
        year={2019},
        month={11},
        keywords={frame footing goffman participation framework presidential debate},
        doi={10.4108/eai.5-8-2019.2289797}
    }
    
  • Latif Amrullah
    Year: 2019
    Footing in Presidential Debate of Indonesian Election
    CELL
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.5-8-2019.2289797
Latif Amrullah1,*
  • 1: University of Huddersfield, Quensgate, Huddersfield, HD1 3DH, United Kingdom
*Contact email: latif.amrullah@hud.ac.uk

Abstract

This paper attempts to explore further the unusual action in the first-round presidential debate of Indonesian election encounter by applying Goffman’s interactional approach. It governs the notion of frame and footing. This viewpoint shows that, albeit there is politically a power asymmetry between the two candidates, they create an interactive symmetry in which one of them is de-ratified by spontaneous action. Speaking interaction between the moderator and the two candidates signifies two essential facts: power asymmetry in terms of conversation arrangement and interactive asymmetry in terms of turn taking scheme. The two candidates shift their footing as the moderator of the presidential debate allows them to do so. The Goffmanian perspective also shows the effect of public situational debate in this encounter.