Proceedings of First International Conference on Culture, Education, Linguistics and Literature, CELL 2019, 5-6 August, Purwokerto, Central Java, Indonesia

Research Article

Japanese Fairy Tales and Ideology: A Case Study on Two Fairy Tales with Female Main Character

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.5-8-2019.2289793,
        author={Fajria  Noviana},
        title={Japanese Fairy Tales and Ideology: A Case Study on Two Fairy Tales with Female Main Character},
        proceedings={Proceedings of First International Conference on Culture, Education, Linguistics and Literature, CELL 2019, 5-6 August, Purwokerto, Central Java, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={CELL},
        year={2019},
        month={11},
        keywords={japanese fairy tales ideology patriarchy hegemony gramsci},
        doi={10.4108/eai.5-8-2019.2289793}
    }
    
  • Fajria Noviana
    Year: 2019
    Japanese Fairy Tales and Ideology: A Case Study on Two Fairy Tales with Female Main Character
    CELL
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.5-8-2019.2289793
Fajria Noviana1,*
  • 1: Faculty of Humanities, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
*Contact email: fajria.noviana@live.undip.ac.id

Abstract

Gramsci states that literature is an ideological site. Thus, the literary work of a nation can represents the nation's ideological view, as well as Japanese. Therefore, this paper discusses the ideology of the Japanese as a nation which deals with women, which analyzed through fairy tales as part of Japanese classical literary work. With content analysis method, the purpose was to identify and make ideological categorization that contained in two Japanese fairy tales with female main character, namely Kaguyahime and Tsuru no Ongaeshi. Meanwhile, to identify the ideology contained in these tales are based on Gramsci’s theory of ideology and Williams’ ideological categorization. The results are: 1) patriarchy ideology and feminism are found in these two tales; 2) the existence of hegemonic ideologies related to patriarchism and gender, residual ideology found in the form of patriarchism, and emergent ideology found in the form of feminism in both tales.