Proceedings of the First International Conference on Culture, Literature, Language Maintenance and Shift, CL-LAMAS 2019, 13 August 2019, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia

Research Article

Ideological Battle of Socialist Realism Against The Ideology of Feudalism Religious in Novels of Pramoedya Ananta Toer Study of Hegemony Gramscian

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.5-12-2019.162288,
        author={Moh. Muzakka and Mirya  Anggrahini},
        title={Ideological Battle of Socialist Realism Against The Ideology of Feudalism Religious in Novels of Pramoedya Ananta Toer Study of Hegemony Gramscian},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the First International Conference on Culture, Literature, Language Maintenance and Shift, CL-LAMAS 2019, 13 August 2019, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={CL-LAMAS},
        year={2019},
        month={12},
        keywords={Coastal; Hegemony; Ideology: Priyayi; Socialist Realism},
        doi={10.4108/eai.5-12-2019.162288}
    }
    
  • Moh. Muzakka
    Mirya Anggrahini
    Year: 2019
    Ideological Battle of Socialist Realism Against The Ideology of Feudalism Religious in Novels of Pramoedya Ananta Toer Study of Hegemony Gramscian
    CL-LAMAS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.5-12-2019.162288
Moh. Muzakka1,*, Mirya Anggrahini1
  • 1: Department of Indonesian Literature, Faculty of Humanities, Diponegoro University
*Contact email: muzakkamoh@yahoo.co.id

Abstract

Literary works are a means for authors to offer various ideologies to their readers. Through literature, the author can influence the views of life or the reader ideology. This short article intends to reveal the ideological struggle in the novel Gadis Pantai and the novel Midah Simanis Bergigi Emas by Pramoedya Ananta Toer using the analysis of Gramsci's hegemony. The results of the analysis show that the novel Gadis Pantai and novel Midah Simanis Bergigi Emas offers three ideologies namely the ideology of feudalism (which controls), the primitive ideology of coastal culture (which is mastered), and the ideology of socialist realism (which is championed). As the two contrasting cultures in the novel are seen as an unfavorable culture, the culture of socialist realism is the most ideal according to the author.