Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference Entitled Language, Literary, And Cultural Studies, ICON LATERALS 2022, 05–06 November 2022, Malang, Indonesia

Research Article

Choose as Indonesian but Act as Malaysian: Overview of National Identity and Linguistics of Indonesia-Malaysia Border Communities

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.5-11-2022.2329491,
        author={Fatmahwati A and Syamsurizal Syamsurizal and Wahyu Damayanti and Martina Martina and Tri Amanat and Elmansyah Elmansyah and Yusriadi Yusriadi},
        title={Choose as Indonesian but Act as Malaysian: Overview of National Identity and Linguistics of Indonesia-Malaysia Border Communities},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference Entitled Language, Literary, And Cultural Studies, ICON LATERALS 2022, 05--06 November 2022, Malang, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICON LATERALS},
        year={2023},
        month={6},
        keywords={border language identity sambas},
        doi={10.4108/eai.5-11-2022.2329491}
    }
    
  • Fatmahwati A
    Syamsurizal Syamsurizal
    Wahyu Damayanti
    Martina Martina
    Tri Amanat
    Elmansyah Elmansyah
    Yusriadi Yusriadi
    Year: 2023
    Choose as Indonesian but Act as Malaysian: Overview of National Identity and Linguistics of Indonesia-Malaysia Border Communities
    ICON LATERALS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.5-11-2022.2329491
Fatmahwati A1, Syamsurizal Syamsurizal1, Wahyu Damayanti1, Martina Martina1, Tri Amanat1,*, Elmansyah Elmansyah2, Yusriadi Yusriadi2
  • 1: Badan Riset dan Inovasi Nasional
  • 2: Institut Agama Islam Negeri Pontianak
*Contact email: 3amanat@gmail.com

Abstract

This study aims to see how national identity is at the Indonesia-Malaysia border. This field study was conducted in the villages of Sebunga and Temajuk in Indonesia, which are directly adjacent to the village of Telok Melano in Malaysia. In terms of language, the two communities use or at least can speak the same language, namely, Iban/Bidayuh Malay. It turns out that the different functions as an identity; so, they can choose to be Indonesian or Malaysian. This study strengthens the conclusion that the true state boundary is still just an imagination. An imagination controlled by language and pragmatic choice. The results show that the boundary between Indonesia and Malaysia in this region has been clearly defined. Physically, there are boundary markers and cross-border posts guarded by the Border Security Army (Pamtas). In addition, residential areas are also separated. However, in reality, in some ways, the limit is a pseudo.