Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference Entitled Language, Literary, And Cultural Studies, ICON LATERALS 2022, 05–06 November 2022, Malang, Indonesia

Research Article

Lexicon of Traditional Antimalarial Medicinal Plants in the Tetun Community in Belu and Malaka Regency

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.5-11-2022.2329462,
        author={Riani Riani and Hestiyana Hestiyana and Yusup Irawan and Hernina Hernina and Maximus M Taek},
        title={Lexicon of Traditional Antimalarial Medicinal Plants in the Tetun Community in Belu and Malaka Regency},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference Entitled Language, Literary, And Cultural Studies, ICON LATERALS 2022, 05--06 November 2022, Malang, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICON LATERALS},
        year={2023},
        month={6},
        keywords={lexicon medicinal plants malaria ethnolinguistics},
        doi={10.4108/eai.5-11-2022.2329462}
    }
    
  • Riani Riani
    Hestiyana Hestiyana
    Yusup Irawan
    Hernina Hernina
    Maximus M Taek
    Year: 2023
    Lexicon of Traditional Antimalarial Medicinal Plants in the Tetun Community in Belu and Malaka Regency
    ICON LATERALS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.5-11-2022.2329462
Riani Riani1,*, Hestiyana Hestiyana1, Yusup Irawan1, Hernina Hernina1, Maximus M Taek2
  • 1: National Research and Innovation Agency
  • 2: Universitas Katolik Widya Mandira Kupang
*Contact email: rian017@brin.go.id

Abstract

This study aims to describe the lexicons of medicinal plants for Malaria treatment in the Tetun community. The research method is descriptive qualitative with an ethnolinguistic approach. The data were obtained from interviews with informants using the snowball technique. The data were the lexicons which are interpreted based on the cultural understanding of the Tetun community. The results show that there are 97 lexicons consisting of 50 words, and 47 phrases. Parts of plants include leaf, root, stem, seed, tuber, rhizome, bark, fruit, clove, and all parts of the plant. The modes of administration are decoction, boiling, paste, and paste with coconut oil. The modes of preparation are drinking, massaging, bathing, massage, inhalation, and cataplasm. Other Malaria-related lexicons are luli or hale'u (prohibitions and taboos), hemu aitahan (herbal medicine), and makdok (traditional healer). Knowledge of the lexicon of medicinal plants is local knowledge and wisdom of the Tetun community that needs to be preserved.