Proceedings of the 3rd Sriwijaya International Conference on Environmental Issues, SRICOENV 2022, October 5th, 2022, Palembang, South Sumatera, Indonesia

Research Article

The Effect of Plant Distance on Mangrove Plant (Rhizophora Apiculata) in Selected Coastal Coast in Indonesia

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.5-10-2022.2329064,
        author={Yunasfi  Yunasfi and Isma Fibrina  Putri and Ippana Enggar  Susetya},
        title={The Effect of Plant Distance on Mangrove Plant (Rhizophora Apiculata) in Selected Coastal Coast in Indonesia},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 3rd Sriwijaya International Conference on Environmental Issues, SRICOENV 2022, October 5th, 2022, Palembang, South Sumatera, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={SRICOENV},
        year={2023},
        month={4},
        keywords={distance mangrove pulau sembilan rhizophora apiculata},
        doi={10.4108/eai.5-10-2022.2329064}
    }
    
  • Yunasfi Yunasfi
    Isma Fibrina Putri
    Ippana Enggar Susetya
    Year: 2023
    The Effect of Plant Distance on Mangrove Plant (Rhizophora Apiculata) in Selected Coastal Coast in Indonesia
    SRICOENV
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.5-10-2022.2329064
Yunasfi Yunasfi1,*, Isma Fibrina Putri1, Ippana Enggar Susetya2
  • 1: Faculty of Forestry, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • 2: Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sumatera Utara, medan, Indonesia
*Contact email: yunasfijamhar@yahoo.co.id

Abstract

Mangroves are a unique ecosystem in coastal areas and are influenced by tides. This study aims to study and determine the effect of plant spacing that is useful for increasing growth for the mangrove ecosystem of R. apiculata. This research was conducted from December 2020 to February 2021 on the coast of the Langkat Regency, Pangkalan Susu District, Pulau Sembilan, North Sumatra. This study employed a totally random design (CRD) with distance treatment (J) consisting of (a) A1 (plant distance beach 37 m), (b) A2 (plant distance 38 m), (c) A3 (plant distance 39 m), (d) A4 (distance from the beach 40 m) (e) A5 (plant distance 41 m). Based on the results, the study showed that the highest average value of height was at A1 (plant distance 37m) with value 44.23 cm, the highest average of diameter was at A1 (plant distance 37m) with value 12.35 mm and the highest growth of number of leaf was at A1 (plant distance) with value 36 leaves. The percentage of plant growth was obtained at 100%. Observational data on measurements of height, diameter, number of leaves, and leaf area, showed that the treatment at the spacing of the plants could increase the growth of R. apiculata seeds. Based on the study's results, the ideal spacing for use in planting or rehabilitating mangroves on R. apiculata seedlings was in treatment A1 (plant distance 37 m)