Proceedings of the 3rd Sriwijaya International Conference on Environmental Issues, SRICOENV 2022, October 5th, 2022, Palembang, South Sumatera, Indonesia

Research Article

Spatial Modelling of Pulmonary TB Distribution in Indonesia Using on Environmental and Socio-economic Variables

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.5-10-2022.2328785,
        author={Helina  Helmy and Muhammad Totong  Kamaluddin and Iskhaq  Iskandar and Suheryanto  Suheryanto and Irfannuddin  Irfannuddin and Novrikasari  Novrikasari},
        title={Spatial Modelling of Pulmonary TB Distribution in Indonesia Using on Environmental and Socio-economic Variables},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 3rd Sriwijaya International Conference on Environmental Issues, SRICOENV 2022, October 5th, 2022, Palembang, South Sumatera, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={SRICOENV},
        year={2023},
        month={4},
        keywords={spatial distribution pulmonary tb cases environmental socio-economic geographically weighted regression},
        doi={10.4108/eai.5-10-2022.2328785}
    }
    
  • Helina Helmy
    Muhammad Totong Kamaluddin
    Iskhaq Iskandar
    Suheryanto Suheryanto
    Irfannuddin Irfannuddin
    Novrikasari Novrikasari
    Year: 2023
    Spatial Modelling of Pulmonary TB Distribution in Indonesia Using on Environmental and Socio-economic Variables
    SRICOENV
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.5-10-2022.2328785
Helina Helmy1,*, Muhammad Totong Kamaluddin2, Iskhaq Iskandar3, Suheryanto Suheryanto4, Irfannuddin Irfannuddin5, Novrikasari Novrikasari6
  • 1: Graduate School of Environmental Science, Sriwijaya University, Palembang 30139, Indonesia
  • 2: Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Sriwijaya University, Palembang 30114, Indonesia
  • 3: Department of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Sriwijaya University, Indralaya 30662, Indonesia
  • 4: Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Sriwijaya University, Indralaya 30662, Indonesia
  • 5: Faculty of Medicine, Sriwijaya University, Indralaya 30662, Indonesia
  • 6: Department of Occupational Health and Safety, Faculty of Public Health, Sriwijaya University, Ogan Ilir 30662, Indonesia
*Contact email: helinahelmy@poltekkes-tjk.ac.id

Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB) is a contagious epidemic globally. Based on environmental and socio-economic data, this study aims to develop a spatial model and investigate the factors influencing the spread of pulmonary TB cases. Using the GWR method, this study analyzes influencing aspects and estimates the total of pulmonary TB cases in Indonesia involving seven variables: population density, poverty index, number of health facilities, medical personnel, rainfall, solar radiation, and road network. The results show that the model is accurate with R2 values of 0.953 and adjusted R2 values of 0.940. Spatial analysis shows that Indonesia has an average number of pulmonary TB patients with 4,856 cases. Several factors dominate the distribution of pulmonary TB cases in Indonesia: population density, poverty index, number of health facilities, medical personnel, road network, rainfall, and solar radiation. The resulting GWR model can explain the dependent variable by more than 90%. Environmental and socio-economic variables can be adopted to develop spatial models of infectious diseases at an urban level.