Proceedings of the 3rd Sriwijaya International Conference on Environmental Issues, SRICOENV 2022, October 5th, 2022, Palembang, South Sumatera, Indonesia

Research Article

Open Defecation and Poverty in Palembang City

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.5-10-2022.2328359,
        author={E  Yuliana},
        title={Open Defecation and Poverty in Palembang City},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 3rd Sriwijaya International Conference on Environmental Issues, SRICOENV 2022, October 5th, 2022, Palembang, South Sumatera, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={SRICOENV},
        year={2023},
        month={4},
        keywords={open defecation poverty palembang city},
        doi={10.4108/eai.5-10-2022.2328359}
    }
    
  • E Yuliana
    Year: 2023
    Open Defecation and Poverty in Palembang City
    SRICOENV
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.5-10-2022.2328359
E Yuliana1,*
  • 1: Program of Doctoral in Environmental Sciences, University of Sriwijaya, Indonesia
*Contact email: evinovan75.ey@gmail.com

Abstract

Open defecation is an act of people defecating in fields, forests, bushes, rivers, beaches, or other open areas and allowing them to spread to contaminate the environment. Poverty is a factor causing the high percentage of open defecation. This study aims to describe open defecation and poverty in the city of Palembang. This research method uses a descriptive approach using secondary data sourced from the Palembang City Health Office and the Central Statistics Agency for 2020–2021. The results of the analysis show that open defecation in 2020 is 41.12%. In 2021, open defecation will increase to 42.9%, or as many as 46 urban villages from 107 urban villages. Meanwhile, poverty in 2020 was 10.9%, increasing to 11.34% in 2021. The high percentage of open defecation is due to the fact that there are still many slum areas and pockets of poverty in Palembang City.