Proceedings of the 3rd Sriwijaya International Conference on Environmental Issues, SRICOENV 2022, October 5th, 2022, Palembang, South Sumatera, Indonesia

Research Article

Malaria among mine workers in Tanjung Agung Muara Enim District, South Sumatra, Indonesia: an analysis of environmental risk factors

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.5-10-2022.2328358,
        author={Hamzah  Hasyim and Wita Citra Dewi and Risva Aprina Fitri Lestari and Rostika  Flora and Novrikasari  Novrikasari and Iche Andriyani Liberty and Heni  Marini and Zemenu Tadesse Tessema and Siti  Herlinda and Fadhilah Eka Maharani},
        title={Malaria among mine workers in Tanjung Agung Muara Enim District, South Sumatra, Indonesia: an analysis of environmental risk factors},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 3rd Sriwijaya International Conference on Environmental Issues, SRICOENV 2022, October 5th, 2022, Palembang, South Sumatera, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={SRICOENV},
        year={2023},
        month={4},
        keywords={malaria mine workers environmental risk factors},
        doi={10.4108/eai.5-10-2022.2328358}
    }
    
  • Hamzah Hasyim
    Wita Citra Dewi
    Risva Aprina Fitri Lestari
    Rostika Flora
    Novrikasari Novrikasari
    Iche Andriyani Liberty
    Heni Marini
    Zemenu Tadesse Tessema
    Siti Herlinda
    Fadhilah Eka Maharani
    Year: 2023
    Malaria among mine workers in Tanjung Agung Muara Enim District, South Sumatra, Indonesia: an analysis of environmental risk factors
    SRICOENV
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.5-10-2022.2328358
Hamzah Hasyim1,*, Wita Citra Dewi2, Risva Aprina Fitri Lestari2, Rostika Flora2, Novrikasari Novrikasari3, Iche Andriyani Liberty4, Heni Marini2, Zemenu Tadesse Tessema5, Siti Herlinda6, Fadhilah Eka Maharani7
  • 1: Department of Environmental Health, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Sriwijaya, Indralaya, Indonesia
  • 2: Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Sriwijaya, Indonesia.
  • 3: Program Studi Doktor Ilmu Lingkungan, Program Pascasarjana,Universitas Sriwijaya, Gedung dr.A.I.Muthalib, MPH Kampus Unsri Indralaya, Ogan Ilir 30662, Sumatera Selatan, Indonesia
  • 4: Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Medical Faculty, Universitas Sriwijaya, Indonesia.
  • 5: Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.
  • 6: Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sriwijaya, Indralaya, Indonesia
  • 7: Biology Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Sriwijaya, Indonesia.
*Contact email: hamzah@fkm.unsri.ac.id

Abstract

Malaria is still a public health concern in Tanjung Agung, Muara Enim District, South Sumatra, Indonesia, although the third SDG aims to eliminate the disease by 2030. This study aimed to identify the environmental factors that put mining workers at a higher risk of malaria. It was a cross-sectional study. The study included 92 selected participants. Bivariate analysis revealed a correlation between malaria and mosquito mosquito breeding (p-value = 0.039), mosquito resting sites (p-value = 0.018), and house wall conditions (pvalue = 0.028). Multivariate analysis revealed that a housewall was the most significant risk factor, with PR = 0.267, 95% confidence interval (0.089-0.797), and p-value = 0.006. Understanding the interactions between the mosquito resting behaviour patterns of malaria mosquitoes is essential for planning adequate vector control. As demonstrated by these results, malaria elimination requires reducing mosquito resting malaria vectors.