Proceedings of the 3rd Sriwijaya International Conference on Environmental Issues, SRICOENV 2022, October 5th, 2022, Palembang, South Sumatera, Indonesia

Research Article

Revealing Socio-Economic Dimensions of Farmers on HTR Area in South Lampung Regency, Lampung Province

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.5-10-2022.2328344,
        author={Surati  Surati and Aneka Prawesti Suka and Dewi Ratna Kurniasari and Bugi Kabul Sumirat and Sylviani  Sylviani},
        title={Revealing Socio-Economic Dimensions of Farmers on HTR Area in South Lampung Regency, Lampung Province},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 3rd Sriwijaya International Conference on Environmental Issues, SRICOENV 2022, October 5th, 2022, Palembang, South Sumatera, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={SRICOENV},
        year={2023},
        month={4},
        keywords={community plantation forest budi lestari socio-economic dimension},
        doi={10.4108/eai.5-10-2022.2328344}
    }
    
  • Surati Surati
    Aneka Prawesti Suka
    Dewi Ratna Kurniasari
    Bugi Kabul Sumirat
    Sylviani Sylviani
    Year: 2023
    Revealing Socio-Economic Dimensions of Farmers on HTR Area in South Lampung Regency, Lampung Province
    SRICOENV
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.5-10-2022.2328344
Surati Surati1,*, Aneka Prawesti Suka2, Dewi Ratna Kurniasari3, Bugi Kabul Sumirat4, Sylviani Sylviani4
  • 1: Research Center for Society and Culture, National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Jl. Gatot Subroto No.10, Jakarta Selatan, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • 2: Pusat Standardisasi Instrumen Ketahanan Bencana dan Perubahan Iklim Jl. Gunung Batu No.5, Bogor, Indonesia
  • 3: Research Center for Population, National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Jl Gatot Subroto, No.10, Jakarta Selatan, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • 4: Reserach Center for Ecology and Ethnobiology, National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Jl. Raya-Jakarta Bogor Km. 46, Cibinong, Bogor, Indonesia
*Contact email: surati@brin.go.id

Abstract

Community Plantation Forest (HTR) is one of the social forestry schemes which is a new breakthrough in alleviating poverty in communities around the forest. This study is aimed to reveal the socio-economic conditions of farmers over time to get a measurable picture of the community changes on their socio-economic conditions. The research was conducted in Budi Lestari Village, South Lampung Regency, Lampung Province. Data collection methods include in-depth interviews with selected informants by purposive sampling, field observations and focus group discussions. Data analysis was undertaken through tabulating and examining all data from various sources. Those are using qualitative descriptive analysis. The result shows that land-based income is the main source of income for farmers, who are highly dependent on arable land, which is located in state forests (HTR). Plantation commodities, especially rubber, became the main source of income used to meet the needs of daily life, although their contribution decreased slightly compared to previous year. Some farmers cultivate forestry commodities, although under limited quantities. Some of them started to replace unproductive rubber plants to sengon plants. HTR area was planted with sengon under agroforestry system to support food security programs under intercropping forestry trees, estate crops and agricultural crops.