The Proceedings of the 4th International Conference of Social Science and Education, ICSSED 2020, August 4-5 2020, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Research Article

Friends or Foes? Fantasy Themes and Social Identity Theory in Intergroup Conflicts

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.4-8-2020.2302478,
        author={Muhamad  Isnaini and Rustono Farady Marta and Agus  Daniar and Nurdiana  Nurdiana and Nugrahaeni  Prananingrum},
        title={Friends or Foes? Fantasy Themes and Social Identity Theory in Intergroup Conflicts },
        proceedings={The Proceedings of the 4th International Conference of Social Science and Education, ICSSED 2020, August 4-5 2020, Yogyakarta, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICSSED},
        year={2020},
        month={11},
        keywords={intergroup conflict brawls street groups fantasy themes identity},
        doi={10.4108/eai.4-8-2020.2302478}
    }
    
  • Muhamad Isnaini
    Rustono Farady Marta
    Agus Daniar
    Nurdiana Nurdiana
    Nugrahaeni Prananingrum
    Year: 2020
    Friends or Foes? Fantasy Themes and Social Identity Theory in Intergroup Conflicts
    ICSSED
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.4-8-2020.2302478
Muhamad Isnaini1,*, Rustono Farady Marta1, Agus Daniar1, Nurdiana Nurdiana1, Nugrahaeni Prananingrum2
  • 1: Universitas Bunda Mulia, Jln. Lodan Raya No.2, North Jakarta, 14430, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • 2: State University of Jakarta, Jln. R.Mangun Muka Raya, East Jakarta, 13220, Jakarta, Indonesia
*Contact email: emisnaini@gmail.com

Abstract

This research was conducted based on frequent conflicts, manifested in intergroup brawls which took place in Johar Baru sub-district, Central Jakarta. The present study aims to explain and to analyze intergroup conflict based on fantasy themes and social identity theory. The study employed a qualitative approach and an instrumental case study design. The results indicate that fantasy themes became the basis for the street groups to build cohesiveness as well as to take group-based actions. Three fantasy themes found in this research are ‘dare-to-die jagoan (‘jagoan berani mati’)’, 'protecting the settlement (jaga kampung)', and ‘dignity pays a price (’Harga diri harga mati’)’. The street group fantasy themes also raise collective identity in the groups which triggers a collective action called a brawl. Furthermore, the shared fantasy themes discriminate one group to another. In a social identity perspective, this leads to intergroup conflict as marginalized groups make a great effort to fight against dominant group hegemony.