The Proceedings of the 4th International Conference of Social Science and Education, ICSSED 2020, August 4-5 2020, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Research Article

Gender-Biased In The History Textbooks for XI Grade Students Senior High School

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.4-8-2020.2302404,
        author={MH  Fachrurozi and L  Armiyati},
        title={Gender-Biased In The History Textbooks for XI Grade Students Senior High School},
        proceedings={The Proceedings of the 4th International Conference of Social Science and Education, ICSSED 2020, August 4-5 2020, Yogyakarta, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICSSED},
        year={2020},
        month={11},
        keywords={gender-bias historiography history textbooks women},
        doi={10.4108/eai.4-8-2020.2302404}
    }
    
  • MH Fachrurozi
    L Armiyati
    Year: 2020
    Gender-Biased In The History Textbooks for XI Grade Students Senior High School
    ICSSED
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.4-8-2020.2302404
MH Fachrurozi1,*, L Armiyati1
  • 1: Department of History Education Universitas Siliwangi, Tasikmalaya, Indonesia
*Contact email: miftahul.habib@unsil.ac.id

Abstract

This study aims to explore the content of gender-bias towards women in history textbooks for XI grade students which published by the Ministry of Education and Culture. This study uses critical discourse analysis method which uses three stages, that are description, interpretation, and explanation. The object of this research is the history textbooks for XI grade students in Curriculum 2013 (revised edition 2017) published by the government. The results showed that the history textbooks in the first and second semesters still contained narratives with gender-bias towards women. The narrative text can be classified into three forms, that are omission, trivialization, and condemnation. The emergence of text narratives containing gender-biased content in textbooks is caused by several factors, among others (1) history textbooks are still trapped in the construction of masculine national historiography, and (2) patriarchal culture which is rooted in Indonesian society that tends to normalization discrimination against women.